[Potential mechanisms of effects of endogenous neuromodulators on the interdependent activity of neurons in various nuclei of the basal ganglia].

  • I. G. Sil'kis
  • Published 2004 in
    Rossiiskii fiziologicheskii zhurnal imeni I.M…

Abstract

A possible mechanism of influence of neuromodulators on interdependent activity of neurons in the diverse basal ganglia nuclei is suggested. According to modulation rules, an activation of postsynaptic Gs- or Gq/11-(Gi/0-) protein coupled receptors promotes induction of long-term potentiation (depression) of excitatory inputs to different neurons and augmentation (lowering) of their activity; an activation of presynaptic Gs- or Gq/11-(Gi/0-) protein coupled receptors promotes a rise (decrease) of release of GABA and co-peptides from striatal terminals and glutamate release from subthalamic terminals in the globus pallidus and output nuclei. It follows from the modulation rules that, since identical receptors are present on striatal neuron and their axon terminals, effects of neuromodulator action in diverse basal ganglia nuclei can be summarized. Neuromodulators released from striato-nigral and striato-pallidal fibers could promote interdependent activity of neurons in "direct" and "indirect" pathways through the basal ganglia due to convergence of these fibers on cholinergic interneurons and pallido-striatal cells.

Cite this paper

@article{Silkis2004PotentialMO, title={[Potential mechanisms of effects of endogenous neuromodulators on the interdependent activity of neurons in various nuclei of the basal ganglia].}, author={I. G. Sil'kis}, journal={Rossiiskii fiziologicheskii zhurnal imeni I.M. Sechenova}, year={2004}, volume={90 3}, pages={282-93} }