Potential for Zika Virus to Establish a Sylvatic Transmission Cycle in the Americas

  title={Potential for Zika Virus to Establish a Sylvatic Transmission Cycle in the Americas},
  author={Benjamin M. Althouse and Nikos Vasilakis and Amadou Alpha Sall and M. L. Diallo and Scott C. Weaver and Kathryn A. Hanley},
  booktitle={PLoS neglected tropical diseases},
Zika virus (ZIKV) originated and continues to circulate in a sylvatic transmission cycle between non-human primate hosts and arboreal mosquitoes in tropical Africa. Recently ZIKV invaded the Americas, where it poses a threat to human health, especially to pregnant women and their infants. Here we examine the risk that ZIKV will establish a sylvatic cycle in the Americas, focusing on Brazil. We review the natural history of sylvatic ZIKV and present a mathematical dynamic transmission model to… CONTINUE READING
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