Potential fitness benefits of group living in the red fox,Vulpes vulpes

  title={Potential fitness benefits of group living in the red fox,Vulpes vulpes
  author={Philip J. Baker and Charles P. J. Robertson and Stephan Michael Funk and Stephen A. Harris},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
For species such as the red fox, spatio-temporal variation in resource availability may promote group living even when the benefits of group formation are not of significant magnitude to promote territorial expansion and delayed dispersal. In this paper we use data from an urban fox population to compare the relative benefits of dispersal and natal philopatry as routes to attaining dominant status and investigate the potential benefits of territory inheritance, alloparental care and… 
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Polygynandry in a red fox population: implications for the evolution of group living in canids?
Red foxes in a high-density population in Bristol, UK, were analyzed to determine whether groups typically produced a single litter of cubs annually and whether male and female foxes exhibited monogamous mating strategies, which indicated second-order rather than first-order relatives.
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Within the larger home ranges of breeding foxes (alpha-individuals), also nonbreeding females (beta-females) with smaller home ranges, occur, and these non-breeding females regularly become pregnant, but abort or desert their young.
Large prey for small cubs ‐ on crucial resources of a boreal red fox population
It is argued that the availability of large prey during the first year of increasing vole densities might determine territory sue and hence also average population density of foxes throughout the whole cycle in boreal foxes.
Shift in red fox, Vulpes vulpes, mating system associated with El Niño in the Bering Sea
Cooperation, Altruism, and Restraint in the Reproduction of Carnivores
It is suggested that studies of the processes that direct an animal towards a given reproductive (or social) role would be fruitful, and that they might most usefully be approached in terms of the effects of ecological circumstances on social organization, and on the development of individuals and their social relationships.
Carnivore Group Living: Comparative Trends
This chapter briefly review selected hypotheses for the evolution and maintenance of grouping in carnivores, focusing on those that are broadly applicable across the order and are testable from the available comparative data.
Fox society, contact rate and rabies epizootiology.
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It is hypothesized that much of canid interspecific and intraspecific variation in social structure may be explained by focusing on proximate enivironmental mechanisms, specifically resource avail- ability.
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Diverse selective pressures have contributed to the evolution of the varied social groups of carnivores: the benefits of strength of numbers for defence of kills and territory, and in the hunting and
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