Potential blood biomarkers in chronic spontaneous urticaria.

Abstract

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a mast cell-driven disease that is defined as the recurrence of weals, angioedema or both for > 6 weeks due to known or unknown causes. As of yet, disease diagnosis is purely clinical. Objective tools are needed to monitor the activity of CSU and the efficacy of treatment. Recently, several reports have suggested that blood parameters may be considered as potential disease-related biomarkers. Here, we reviewed available literature on blood biomarkers for CSU diagnosis, activity monitoring, duration, patient subgroup allocation or response to treatment. We performed a PubMed, Google Scholar and Web of Science search and identified and analysed 151 reports published prior to January 2016. We found strong evidence for significant differences between patients with CSU and healthy controls in blood levels or values of D-dimer, C-reactive protein (CRP), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), mean platelet volume (MPV), factor VIIa, prothrombin fragment 1 + 2 (F1 + 2), tumour necrosis factor, dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate and vitamin D. Also, there is strong evidence for a significant association between CSU activity and blood levels or values of D-dimer, F1 + 2, CRP, IL-6 and MPV. Strong evidence for reduced basophil count and high levels of IgG anti-FcεRI in the subgroup of CSU patients with positive autologous serum skin test was shown. In contrast, the evidence for all reported blood biomarkers for differentiating CSU from other diseases, or a role in prognosis, is weak, inconsistent or non-existent. Taken together, we identified 10 biomarkers that are supported by strong evidence for distinguishing patients with CSU from healthy controls, or for measuring CSU activity. There is a need for further research to identify biomarkers that predict outcome or treatment response in CSU.

DOI: 10.1111/cea.12870

Cite this paper

@article{Kolkhir2017PotentialBB, title={Potential blood biomarkers in chronic spontaneous urticaria.}, author={Pavel Kolkhir and Fabrice Andre and M K Church and Marcus Maurer and Martin Metz}, journal={Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology}, year={2017}, volume={47 1}, pages={19-36} }