Potential application of biliverdin reductase and its fragments to modulate insulin/IGF-1/MAPK/PI3-K signaling pathways in therapeutic settings.


The range and diversity of functions of biliverdin reductase (BVR) is unmatched by any enzyme characterized to date. BVR is the sole catalyst for the conversion of biliverdin-IXα the activity product of the stress-inducible HO-1 and the constitutive HO-2, to bilirubin-IXα. Bilirubin is both cytoprotective and cytotoxic, quenches reactive oxygen species (ROS… (More)


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