Potential Role of Parasitism in the Evolution of Mutualism in Astigmatid Mites: Hemisarcoptes Cooremani as a Model

@article{Holte2004PotentialRO,
  title={Potential Role of Parasitism in the Evolution of Mutualism in Astigmatid Mites: Hemisarcoptes Cooremani as a Model},
  author={Aurali E. Holte and Marilyn A. Houck and Nathan L. Collie},
  journal={Experimental \& Applied Acarology},
  year={2004},
  volume={25},
  pages={97-107}
}
Phoresy is a symbiotic interaction that results in dispersal, benefiting the relocated organism without negatively impacting the phoretic host. It has long been considered that phoresy among astigmatid mites is somehow an intermediate precursor to the evolution of parasitism within the group. In astigmatid mites, only the heteromorphic deutonymph (hypopode) participates in phoretic dispersal, and the plesiomorphic hypopode may be the key to understanding the dynamics of the evolution of that… Expand
Phoretic load of the parasitic mite Acarophenax lacunatus (Cross & Krantz) (Prostigmata: Acarophenacidae) affecting mobility and flight take-off of Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae).
TLDR
Although high phoretic loads impaired host walking, phoretIC loads between 4 and 6 mites/host appeared to favor host walking and consequently the surface dispersal of the parasitic mite. Expand
Just phoresy? Reduced lifespan in red palm weevils Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infested by the mite Centrouropoda almerodai (Uroactiniinae: Uropodina)
TLDR
It is revealed that infested individuals have a significantly reduced lifespan in comparison with those not infested, leading us to believe that the R. ferrugineus–C. Expand
Factors affecting utility of Chilocorus nigritus (F.) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) as a biocontrol agent.
TLDR
This review brings together the key research relating to factors that affect the utility of Chilocorus nigritus in biocontrol programmes, including its use in indoor landscapes and temperate glasshouses. Expand
Mites affect plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) behavioural responses to attractive volatiles
TLDR
Tests conducted in a two-choice still-air vertical olfactometer with mite-infested and noninfested PC revealed that the number of beetles responding by walking towards normally attractive synthetic and natural odours was significantly lower for those infested with mites, indicating that mites affect PC ability to physically move towards attractive volatiles but not odour preference. Expand
Phoresy in animals: review and synthesis of a common but understudied mode of dispersal
TLDR
The evolution of phoronts is discussed including the long‐standing idea that it can be a precursor to parasitism and other forms of symbioses and several areas of future research are suggested to improve the understanding of phoresy and its ecological and evolutionary significance. Expand
These Squatters Are Not Innocent: The Evidence of Parasitism in Sponge-Inhabiting Shrimps
TLDR
It is demonstrated that sponge-inhabiting shrimps are often parasites adapted to consumption of sponge tissues, reflected in adaptations of mouth appendages, in the reproduction strategy, and in apparent sequestration of host pigments by shrimp. Expand
Passive dispersal in arachnids
Some arachnids (spiders, mites and pseudoscorpions) are able to use both active and passive dispersal. The best-known passive dispersal method in arachnids is called eballooningi and starts withExpand
Functional diversity in coral–dinoflagellate symbiosis
TLDR
Evidence is presented that clade A Symbiodinium are functionally less beneficial to corals than the dominant clade C Symbiod inium and may represent parasitic rather than mutualistic symbionts, which suggest that along the symbiotic continuum the interaction between clades A and A may be closer to parasitism than mutualism. Expand
Fish as parasites: an insight into evolutionary convergence in adaptations for parasitism
  • Tommy L. F. Leung
  • Biology
  • 2014
TLDR
The aim of this review is to provide an overview of some general patterns in symbiotic or parasitic relationships, comparing them with more ‘traditional’ parasites and symbionts, and discuss the insight they can offer on both the evolutionary process that leads to parasitism, as well as the evolutionary pathways of fishes as a whole. Expand
Predator avoidance in phytophagous mites: response to present danger depends on alternative host quality
TLDR
Tetranychus urticae change their antipredator response by evaluating the difference in host plant volatiles in the patch they inhabit, and laid a lower number of eggs on tomato leaves than on lima Bean leaves, suggesting that lima bean is a preferred host food source for T. urticAE. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 21 REFERENCES
The potential role of phoresy in the evolution of parasitism: radiolabelling (tritium) evidence from an astigmatid mite
TLDR
Experimental evidence is presented that the heteromorphic deutonymph of an astigmatid mite (Hemisarcoptes cooremani) acquires materials directly from the haemolymph of its beetle host (Chilocorus cacti). Expand
Phoresy by Hemisarcoptes (Acari: Hemisarcoptidae) on Chilocorus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): influence of subelytral ultrastructure
TLDR
Based on morphological evidence alone, the hypothesis that the species of Chilocorus that would be most conducive to biological control application in conjunction with Hemisarcoptes would be ChILocorus cacti, Chilsocorus distigma, ChilOCorus fraternus, Chiltsocorus orbus, Chilesocorus tristis and, to a lesser extent, Chiliocorus bipustulatus is lead to. Expand
A Laboratory Evaluation of the Astigmatid Mite Hemisarcoptes cooremani Thomas (Acari: Hemisarcoptidae) as a Potential Biological Control Agent for an Armored Scale, Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell) (Homoptera: Diaspididae)
TLDR
It is suggested that red scale is a poor-quality host for the mite and this predator/parasitoid is unlikely to be an effective augmentative biological control agent against A. aurantii in California's San Joaquin Valley. Expand
Temperature and host effects on key morphological characters of Hemisarcoptes cooremani and Hemisarcoptes malus (Acari: Hemisarcoptidae)
TLDR
Though characters can be influenced significantly by environmental parameters, the species-specific patterns of some characters of North American Hemisarcoptes are distinctive enough to allow diagnosis and identification. Expand
Two New Genera of Hemisarcoptidae (Acari: Astigmata) From the Huron Mountains of Northern Michigan
Two new genera and species of Hemisarcoptidae, Superioropus huronmontanus and Huronopus michiganensis are described from deutonymphs phoretic on ichneumonid wasps from the Huron Mountains, MarquetteExpand
The hypopus of Hemisarcoptes coccophagus Meyer (Acari: Astigmata: Hemisarcoptidae)
TLDR
Mechanism of hypopus induction in H. coccophagus thus resembles that known from sorne stored food mites, but the factors causing hypopus molting appear to be different. Expand
Adaptation and Transition into Parasitism from Commensalism: A Phoretic Model
A parasite is “any organism that grows, feeds and is sheltered on or in a different organism while contributing nothing to the survival of its host” (The American Heritage Dictionary of the EnglishExpand
The ultrastructure and possible functions of nephrocytes in the trombiculid mite Hirsutiella zachvatkini (Acariformes: Trombiculidae)
The ultrastructure of nephrocytes during the post-larval development of the trombiculid mite Hirsutiella zachvatkini (Schluger) was investigated by means of transmission electron microscopy.Expand
Ecological and Evolutionary Significance of Phoresy in the Astigmata
Definition du concept de phoresie. Evaluation des consequences ecologiques et evolutionnaires de ce concept par l'etude des interactions entre les acariens phoretiques et leurs hotes
Chilocorine C: a new "dimeric" alkaloid from a coccinellid beetle, Chilocorus cacti.
TLDR
A new hexacyclic alkaloid, chilocorine C, has been isolated from Chilocorus cacti and characterized on the basis of its IR, UV, MS, and NMR data, showing the presence of a hydroxymethyl substituent on the saturated tricyclic moiety. Expand
...
1
2
3
...