Potential Adverse Health Effects of Genetically Modified Crops

  title={Potential Adverse Health Effects of Genetically Modified Crops},
  author={Anita K. Bakshi},
  journal={Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B},
  pages={211 - 225}
  • A. Bakshi
  • Published 1 January 2003
  • Biology
  • Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B
Genetically modified crops have the potential to eliminate hunger and starvation in millions of people, especially in developing countries because the genetic modification can produce large amounts of foods that are more nutritious. Large quantities are produced because genetically modified crops are more resistant to pests and drought. They also contain greater amounts of nutrients, such as proteins and vitamins. However, there are concerns about the safety of genetically modified crops. The… 

A perspective on genetically modified food crops

This review will focus on perspectives of the genetically modified food crops and concerns about the safety of genetically modified crops.

Are Genetically Engineered Crops Safe or Dangerous

Genetically modified crops have the potential to solve many of the World’s hunger and malnutrition problems. They also protect and preserve the environment by increasing yield and reducing reliance

Why Genetically Modified Food Need Reconsideration Before Consumption?

Human beings mainly depend upon plants for their food requirements therefore health issues related to genetically modified (GM) crops have become a major concern. The first GM plant or transgenic

Insect-resistant transgenic crops: retrospect and challenges

The first part of this review focuses the development of different insect-resistantcrops and various strategies adapted to delay resistance development in insect pests, while the second part addresses the challenges and future prospects of insect- resistant crops.

Genetically modified foods (GMOs); a review of genetic engineering. J. Life Sci. Biomed., 2019; 9(6): 157-163. www.jlsb.science-line.com;

Scientists need to consider the types of applications of genetic engineering which will appear on the commercial market as well as develop procedures which will minimize potential biological and ecological hazards of the technology.

Toxicity Studies of Genetically Modified Plants: A Review of the Published Literature

  • J. Domingo
  • Biology, Medicine
    Critical reviews in food science and nutrition
  • 2007
According to the information reported by the WHO, the genetically modified (GM) products that are currently on the international market have all passed risk assessments conducted by national

Molecular Approaches to Address Intended and Unintended Effects and Substantial Equivalence of Genetically Modified Crops

This chapter addresses an in-depth understanding of events involved in transgene insertion, but also the unintended effects of transformation following the production of genetically enhanced plants.

Insights into Insect Resistance in Pulse Crops: Problems and Preventions

A step forward now will be on exploiting natural variations with novel technologies in combination of eco-safe management practices to develop durable insect-resistant pulse crops.

A literature review on the safety assessment of genetically modified plants.




Assessment of the allergenic potential of foods derived from genetically engineered crop plants.

A science-based, decision tree approach to assess the allergenic concerns associated with the introduction of gene products into new plant varieties and a balanced judgement of all the available data generated during allergenicity assessment will assure the safety of foods derived from genetically engineered crops.

Stability of food allergens to digestion in vitro

The data are consistent with the hypothesis that food allergens must exhibit sufficient gastric stability to reach the intestinal mucosa where absorption and sensitization can occur, and indicate the stability to digestion is a significant and valid parameter that distinguishes food allergen from nonallergens.

Potential Health Risks of Genetically Modified Organisms : How Can Allergens be Assessed and Minimized ?

The pathophysiological mechanisms of food allergies are distinct from other food intolerances such as gluten sensitive enteropathy (celiac disease) that are due to nontoxic, nonimmune reactions to foods even though symptoms may resemble those of “true” food allergies.

Safety and advantages of Bacillus thuringiensis-protected plants to control insect pests.

Plants modified to express insecticidal proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis (referred to as Bt-protected plants) provide a safe and highly effective method of insect control and reduce reliance on conventional chemical pesticides.

Glyphosate-tolerant corn: the composition and feeding value of grain from glyphosate-tolerant corn is equivalent to that of conventional corn (Zea mays L.).

Glyphosate-tolerant (Roundup Ready) corn line GA21 has been developed by genetic modification to tolerate glyphosate, the active ingredient in Roundup herbicide. The purpose of this study was to

Identification of a Brazil-nut allergen in transgenic soybeans.

The study shows that an allergen from a food known to be allergenic can be transferred into another food by genetic engineering.

Impact of Bt corn pollen on monarch butterfly populations: A risk assessment

  • M. SearsR. Hellmich G. Dively
  • Medicine, Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2001
The impact of Bt corn pollen from current commercial hybrids on monarch butterfly populations is negligible, according to a 2-year study by scientists in several states and in Canada.

A Rational Approach to Labeling Biotech-Derived Foods

The FDA9s risk-based approach to food labeling is consistent with the broad scientific consensus that the risks associated with recombinant organisms, and foods derived from them, are fundamentally

Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae

In a laboratory assay, it is found that larvae of the monarch butterfly, Danaus plexippus, reared on milkweed leaves dusted with pollen from Bt corn, ate less, grew more slowly and suffered higher mortality than larvae rearing on leaves dusting with untransformed corn pollen or on leaves without pollen.