Potassium sulfate forms a spiral structure when dissolved in solution

@article{Thomas2017PotassiumSF,
  title={Potassium sulfate forms a spiral structure when dissolved in solution},
  author={Sunil Thomas},
  journal={Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B},
  year={2017},
  volume={11},
  pages={195-198}
}
  • Sunil Thomas
  • Published 8 April 2017
  • Engineering
  • Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry B
Studies on the formation of spiral structures are always of interest to researchers. When potassium sulfate is heated in water and subjected to swirling in a beaker, the crystals formed a multi-arm spiral structure when allowed to settle. The spiral structure was either clockwise or anti-clockwise depending on the rotation of the swirl. The spiral formation requires heat to maintain integrity of the structure. The multi-arm spiral structure of potassium sulfate was stable if left undisturbed at… 
Exploring the Additive Effects of Aluminium and Potassium Sulfates in Enhancing the Charge Cycle of Lead Acid Batteries
The adoption of aluminium sulfate and potassium sulfate as electrolyte additives were investigated to determine the possibility of enhancing the charge cycle of 2V/ 20AH lead acid battery with

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 16 REFERENCES
Inwardly Rotating Spiral Waves in a Reaction-Diffusion System
TLDR
Observations of inwardly rotating spirals found in the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction dispersed in water droplets of a water-in-oil microemulsion are reported.
Segmented spiral waves in a reaction-diffusion system
  • V. Vanag, I. Epstein
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2003
TLDR
Observations of segmented spiral and target waves in the Belousov–Zhabotinsky reaction dispersed in water nanodroplets of a water-in-oil microemulsion form a link between Turing and trigger wave patterns and narrow the disparity between chemistry and biology.
Oscillatory Kinetics and Spatio-Temporal Self-Organization in Reactions at Solid Surfaces
Chemical reactions far from equilibrium on solid surfaces may exhibit typical phenomena of nonlinear dynamics, as exemplified by the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide on a platinum(110)
Multiarmed Spirals in Excitable Media
Numerical studies of the properties of multiarmed spirals show that they can form spontaneously in low excitability media. The maximum number of arms in a multiarmed spiral is proportional to the
Stable spiral structures and their interaction in two-dimensional excitable media.
TLDR
A system with high initial vortex concentration evolves according to the described reactions and exhibits three levels of self-organization, which led to formation and domination of persistent three-armed spirals.
Transitions between patterns in thermal convection.
TLDR
Experimental studies of the transitions between conduction, hexagons, and rolls in non-Boussinesq convection of gaseous CO{sub 2} in a cylindrical cell of radius-to-height ratio 86 show that conduction gives way to hexagons via the propagation of a front connecting the two states, while the transition between hexagons and rolls are facilitated at the cell walls which appear to nucleate the minority state.
Multi-armed vortices in an active chemical medium
An excellent example of self-organization in nonequilibrium systems1,2 is the origination of rotating spiral vortices. These vortices have been observed in a wide range of active media—in the
Spiral Waves of Chemical Activity
TLDR
The Zhabotinsky-Zaikin reagent propagates waves of chemical activity that include spiral waves, resembling involutes of the circle, that appear, persist, and eventually exclude all concentric ring waves.
Light-controlled anchoring of meandering spiral waves.
  • Steinbock, Müller
  • Physics
    Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics
  • 1993
TLDR
Simulations using a simple reaction-diffusion model demonstrate that anchoring is only possible up to a critical radius of the disk, and anchored spirals obey the unstable primary parameters of compound motion.
Multiarm spirals in a two-dimensional cardiac substrate.
TLDR
It is shown that persistent multiarm spirals of electrical activity can be induced in monolayer cultures of neonatal rat heart cells by a short, rapid train of electrical point stimuli applied during single-arm-spiral activity.
...
1
2
...