Potassium imbalance: causes and prevention.

  title={Potassium imbalance: causes and prevention.},
  author={J J Elms},
  journal={Postgraduate medicine},
  volume={72 6},
The amount of potassium normally found in the serum is less than 2% of the total body amount. Thus, the serum potassium level is not the ideal indicator of potassium activity in the body. Potassium homeostasis or imbalance is a function of changes in input, changes in output, and shifts of potassium between the serum and the intracellular fluid. Most significant hyperkalemia is associated with renal impairment, either glomerular or tubular; hypokalemia in many instances is causally related to… CONTINUE READING

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