Posttraumatic stress symptoms and alcohol problems: self-medication or trait vulnerability?

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSD) and problem alcohol use (ALC) commonly co-occur, but the nature of this co-occurrence is unclear. Self-medication explanations have been forwarded, yet traits such as tendency toward negative emotionality and behavioral disconstraint also have been implicated. In this study we test three… CONTINUE READING