Posttraumatic stress following childbirth: a review.

@article{Olde2006PosttraumaticSF,
  title={Posttraumatic stress following childbirth: a review.},
  author={Eelco Olde and Onno van der Hart and Rolf J Kleber and Maarten J. M. van Son},
  journal={Clinical psychology review},
  year={2006},
  volume={26 1},
  pages={
          1-16
        }
}

Tables from this paper

Childbirth Induced Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome: A Systematic Review of Prevalence and Risk Factors
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TLDR
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TLDR
The literature is limited by methodological shortcomings, a hypothesis regarding the development of PTSD is outlined, and recommendations with respect to screening and future research are provided.
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TLDR
The findings indicated that the prevalence of traumatic birth experiences and post-partum PTSD were relatively high among Iranian women and obstetric and perinatal variables were independently the most significant contributing factors to women’s post- partum PTSD.
Management of post traumatic stress disorder after childbirth: a review
TLDR
Overall, there is limited evidence concerning the management of women with PTSD after childbirth, and debriefing and counselling are inconclusively effective while CBT and EMDR may improve PTSD status but require investigation in controlled trials before conclusions could be drawn.
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References

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TLDR
Regression analysis revealed that prenatal anxiety sensitivity predicted post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms, suggesting that anxiety sensitivity may act as an important vulnerability factor in psychopathological responses to childbirth.
Prevalence and predictors of women's experience of psychological trauma during childbirth.
TLDR
The pain experienced during the birth, levels of social support, self-efficacy, internal locus of control, trait anxiety, and coping were significant predictors of the development of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms after the birth.
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TLDR
The author asserts that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may occur after childbirth, and calls this variant of PTSD a "traumatic birth experience".
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TLDR
Women who experienced both a high level of obstetric intervention and dissatisfaction with their intrapartum care were more likely to develop trauma symptoms than women who received a highlevel of Obstetric intervention or women who perceived their care to be inadequate.
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TLDR
In a sample of 1550 recently delivered women, traumatic stress after childbirth was studied in relation to obstetric variables and found that most women with a PTSD symptom profile were found in the normal vaginal delivery group (NVD), implying that a normal vaginal Delivery can be experienced as traumatic, but as an emergency cesarian section is not necessarily traumatic.
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TLDR
The results suggest that at least 1.5 percent of women may develop chronic posttraumatic stress disorder as a result of childbirth.
Prevalence and predictors of post-traumatic stress symptoms following childbirth.
TLDR
Perceptions of low levels of support from partner and staff, patterns of blame and low perceived control in labour were found to be particularly related to experience of post-traumatic stress symptoms.
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The processes occurring during traumatic childbirth experiences, factors mediating development of PTSD symptoms and the impact on post-partum adaptation were explored in a cohort of 20 women 10
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