Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey.

@article{Kessler1995PosttraumaticSD,
  title={Posttraumatic stress disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey.},
  author={Ronald C. Kessler and Amanda Sonnega and Evelyn J Bromet and M Hughes and Christopher B. Nelson},
  journal={Archives of general psychiatry},
  year={1995},
  volume={52 12},
  pages={
          1048-60
        }
}
BACKGROUND Data were obtained on the general population epidemiology of DSM-III-R posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including information on estimated life-time prevalence, the kinds of traumas most often associated with PTSD, sociodemographic correlates, the comorbidity of PTSD with other lifetime psychiatric disorders, and the duration of an index episode. METHODS Modified versions of the DSM-III-R PTSD module from the Diagnostic Interview Schedule and of the Composite International… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Epidemiology of trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-morbid disorders in Chile
TLDR
The prevalence rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), types of trauma most often associated with PTSD, the co-morbidity of PTSD with other lifetime psychiatric disorders, and gender differences in PTSD and trauma exposure in a representative sample of Chileans are examined.
Posttraumatic stress disorder in the World Mental Health Surveys
TLDR
PTSD is prevalent cross-nationally, with half of all global cases being persistent and only half of those with severe PTSD report receiving any treatment and only a minority receive specialty mental health care.
Post-traumatic stress disorder: findings from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being
TLDR
R rape and sexual molestation were the traumatic events most likely to be associated with PTSD, and a high level of Axis 1 co-morbidity was found among those persons with PTSD.
Remission from post-traumatic stress disorder in the general population
TLDR
Those who experienced childhood trauma, interpersonal violence, severe symptoms or a secondary anxiety or affective disorder were less likely to remit from PTSD and reported longer median times to remission compared to those with other trauma experiences, less severe Symptoms or no co-morbidity.
Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in the community: the 1996 Detroit Area Survey of Trauma.
TLDR
The risk of PTSD associated with a representative sample of traumas is less than previously estimated, and sudden unexpected death of a loved one is a far more important cause of PTSD in the community, accounting for nearly one third of PTSD cases.
Psychiatric sequelae of posttraumatic stress disorder in women.
TLDR
Posttraumatic stress disorder influences the risk for first-onset major depression and alcohol use disorder and preexisting major depression increased women's vulnerability to the PTSD-inducing effects of traumatic events and risk for exposure to traumatic events.
Posttraumatic stress disorder in a nationally representative mexican community sample.
TLDR
The results showed that traumatic events were extremely common in Mexico and sexual violence, in particular, was one of the greatest risks for developing PTSD.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 72 REFERENCES
Posttraumatic stress disorder in an urban population of young adults: risk factors for chronicity.
TLDR
It is suggested that chronic PTSD may be associated with specific risk factors and clinical features and longitudinal data on the course of PTSD are needed to determine whether the distinct features and the medical and psychiatric histories of persons with chronic PTSD are complications attendant on a chronic course or coexisting disturbances that inhibit recovery.
Traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder in an urban population of young adults.
TLDR
Life-style differences associated with differential exposure to situations that have a high risk for traumatic events and personal predispositions to the PTSD effects of traumatic events might be responsible for a substantial part of PTSD in this population.
Prevalence of civilian trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in a representative national sample of women.
TLDR
Assessment of crime and noncrime civilian traumatic events, lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and PTSD in the past 6 months in a sample of U.S. adult women found history of incidents that included direct threat to life or receipt of injury was a risk factor for PTSD.
Phenomenology and course of psychiatric disorders associated with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.
TLDR
PTSD comorbidity observations suggest that persistent conditions related to PTSD progress toward symptoms that are increasingly autonomous in their pattern of occurrence.
Empirical development of an MMPI subscale for the assessment of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder.
TLDR
The purpose of the present study was to examine the usefulness of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) in detecting the symptoms of combat-relate d posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Post-traumatic stress disorder in the community: an epidemiological study.
TLDR
Differences were noted between chronic and acute PTSD on a number of measures, with chronic PTSD being accompanied by more frequent social phobia, reduced social support and greater avoidance symptoms.
Post-traumatic stress disorder in the general population. Findings of the epidemiologic catchment area survey.
TLDR
Findings on the epidemiology of post-traumatic stress disorder in 2493 participants examined as part of a nationwide general-population survey of psychiatric disorders show Behavioral problems before the age of 15 predicted adult exposure to physical attack and (among Vietnam veterans) to combat, as well as the development ofPost- traumatic stress disorder among those so exposed.
Epidemiology of PTSD in a national cohort of Vietnam veterans.
  • J. J. Card
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical psychology
  • 1987
TLDR
It seems plausible to postulate that support factors can and do help some Vietnam veterans with PTSD, and some environmental variables were associated with reduced levels of PTSD or with reductions in the degree of association between combat and PTSD.
Quality of life and dissociation in anxiety disorder patients with histories of trauma or PTSD.
TLDR
PTSD has severe effects on quality of life in virtually all spheres of life and the high levels of depression, suicide attempts or gestures, and alcohol abuse are of particular concern and show that trauma can have long-lasting effects.
...
...