Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Critical Illness Survivors: A Metaanalysis*

@article{Parker2015PosttraumaticSD,
  title={Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Critical Illness Survivors: A Metaanalysis*},
  author={Ann M. Parker and Thiti Sricharoenchai and Sandeep Raparla and Kyle Schneck and O. Joseph Bienvenu and Dale M. Needham},
  journal={Critical Care Medicine},
  year={2015},
  volume={43},
  pages={1121–1129}
}
Objective: To conduct a systematic review and metaanalysis of the prevalence, risk factors, and prevention/treatment strategies for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in critical illness survivors. Data Sources: PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library from inception through March 5, 2014. Study Selection: Eligible studies met the following criteria: 1) adult general/nonspecialty ICU, 2) validated posttraumatic stress disorder instrument greater than or equal to 1 month post… 

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...

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TLDR
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TLDR
The quality and number of post-ICU PTSD studies has increased over time, and one can be more confident in the accumulated findings.

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TLDR
Amnesia for the early period of critical illness (early amnesia) was positively associated with the level of posttraumatic stress disorder-related symptoms, which may be a proxy for severity of disease at the time of intensive care unit admission.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Prevalence and Risk of Recurrence in Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: A Meta-analytic Review

TLDR
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TLDR
The Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R), a questionnaire measure of PTSD symptoms, against the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS), the current state-of-the-art PTSD diagnostic reference standard, appears to be an excellent brief PTSD symptom measure and screening tool in ALI survivors.

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TLDR
A high incidence of symptoms consistent with PTSD 3 months after ICU discharge in this general ICU cohort was found, associated with younger patients and those who visited their GP or a mental health professional complaining of psychological symptoms.
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