A prospective multicenter study of venous thromboembolism in patients with newly-diagnosed high-grade glioma: hazard rate and risk factors
The plasminogen activator activity of 31 human brain tumor samples was assessed and the results correlated with clinical parameters and the postoperative occurrence of venous thrombosis. A significant negative correlation was found between plasminogen activator activity and venous thrombosis (P = 0.02), while positive correlations were observed between plasminogen activator activity and peritumoral brain edema (P = 0.03) and alpha2 antiplasmin measured in the systemic circulation (P = 0.01). Tissue plasminogen activator was found in higher concentrations in meningioma tissue but did not correlate significantly with the occurrence of venous thrombosis. The results of this study suggest a local enzymatic degradation effect of plasminogen activator on thrombogenic substances present in the brain tumor and/or its environment.