Postoperative joint infections due to Propionibacterium species: a case-control study.

@article{Kanafani2009PostoperativeJI,
  title={Postoperative joint infections due to Propionibacterium species: a case-control study.},
  author={Zeina A. Kanafani and DanielJ. Sexton and Brian C Pien and Jay B. Varkey and Carl Basmania and Keith S Kaye},
  journal={Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America},
  year={2009},
  volume={49 7},
  pages={
          1083-5
        }
}
We compared 40 patients with Propionibacterium acnes postoperative joint infection to a cohort of uninfected patients. Infection manifested a median of 210 days after surgery. Most patients with joint prostheses underwent hardware removal. Prior joint surgery (odds ratio [OR], 28.2) and male sex (OR, 7.2) were independent risk factors for infection. 
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