Postoperative Bleeding Risk for Oral Surgery under Continued Clopidogrel Antiplatelet Therapy

Abstract

OBJECT To determine the incidence of postoperative bleeding for oral osteotomy carried out under continued monoantiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and dual therapy with clopidogrel/aspirin. Design. Retrospective single center observatory study of two study groups and a control group. METHODS A total of 64 and 60 oral osteotomy procedures carried out under continued monoclopidogrel therapy and dual clopidogrel/aspirin therapy, respectively, were followed for two weeks for postoperative bleeding. Another 281 similar procedures were also followed as a control group. All oral osteotomy procedures were carried out on an outpatient basis. RESULTS We observed postoperative bleeding in 2/281 (0.7%) cases in the control group, in 1/64 (1.6%) cases in the clopidogrel group, and in 2/60 (3.3%) cases in the dual clopidogrel/aspirin group. The corresponding 95% confidence intervals are 0-1.7%, 0-4.7%, and 0-7.8%, respectively, and the incidences did not differ significantly among the three groups (P > 0.09). Postoperative hemorrhage was treated successfully in all cases with local measures. No changes of antiplatelet medication, transfusion, nor hospitalisation were necessary. No major cardiovascular events were recorded. CONCLUSIONS Our results indicate that minor oral surgery can be performed safely under continued monoantiplatelet medication with clopidogrel or dual antiplatelet medication with clopidogrel/aspirin.

DOI: 10.1155/2015/823651

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@inproceedings{Grbe2015PostoperativeBR, title={Postoperative Bleeding Risk for Oral Surgery under Continued Clopidogrel Antiplatelet Therapy}, author={Alexander Gr{\"{o}be and Meike Fraederich and Ralf Smeets and Max Heiland and Lan Kluwe and J{\"{u}rgen Zeuch and Martina Haase and Johannes Wikner and Henning Hanken and Jan Semmusch and Ahmed Al-Dam and Wolfgang Eichhorn}, booktitle={BioMed research international}, year={2015} }