Postnatal depression: A global public health perspective

@article{Almond2009PostnatalDA,
  title={Postnatal depression: A global public health perspective},
  author={Palo Almond},
  journal={Perspectives in Public Health},
  year={2009},
  volume={129},
  pages={221 - 227}
}
  • P. Almond
  • Published 1 September 2009
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Perspectives in Public Health
The aim of this paper is to discuss whether or not postnatal depression is a global public health concern. Public health is the study of the morbidity, mortality and the cause and course of disease, at a population rather than an individual level. Public health is also concerned with examining factors that cause health inequalities. Postnatal depression is a mental and emotional condition that can affect women during the first postnatal year. Since the effects of postnatal depression are known… 

Tables from this paper

Maternal mental health: The missing "m" in the global maternal and child health agenda.

The evidence of the magnitude, impact, and interventions for common maternal mental health problems with a focus on depression, the condition with the greatest public health impact, is reviewed.

Winning the battle: A review of postnatal depression

A clinically useful predictive tool needs to be developed in order that midwives can test and implement antenatal interventions in women at risk during the perinatal period.

Should women be screened for postnatal depression? Exploring the effects of undiagnosed maternal mental health problems on child development.

Higher levels of persistent depression were identified in women who were diagnosed and treated for depression and this persistency was found to have an additive effect on child outcomes, with longer-term maternal mental health problems much more strongly associated with child outcomes than postnatal depression alone.

Diet in the Aetiology and Management of Postpartum Depression: Knowing the Facts

The need for more, better designed studies is identified, to elucidate the possible role of nutrition on PPD, which could lead to the formation of specific dietary recommendations for the prevention and management of this serious condition.

Psychosocial Predictive and Protective Factors for Depression in Pregnancy and Postpartum Period.

This chapter discusses women’s mental health during pregnancy and postpartum period, which is considered the period of increased physical and emotional demands and a time of risk for the development of Depressive symptoms.

Postpartum depression: a chronicle of health policy development.

  • S. Glasser
  • Medicine
    The Israel journal of psychiatry and related sciences
  • 2010
The current report presents an example of the path taken from identification of a public health problem at the primary health service level, to conducting research documenting the scope of the

Perinatal psychological distress in the South African context: The road to task shifting evidence based interventions

The first chapter introduces the thesis, providing context to the studies that are presented in later chapters and an overview of the research questions that informed them, and constitutes a systematic review of the literature relevant to the Studies.

Child mental health and maternal depression history in Pakistan

Evidence of elevated levels of emotional and behavioral problems in this low resource, South Asian setting, highlighting the need for effective interventions is found, given the strong association of CMH with maternal depression.

Preventing postnatal depression: a causal mediation analysis of a 20-year preconception cohort

Causal mediation analysis found that intervention on perceived antenatal social support has the potential to reduce rates of PND symptoms by up to 3% (from 15 to 12%) in women with persistent preconception symptoms.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES

Postnatal mental illness: a transcultural perspective

  • R. Kumar
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
  • 2004
There is much firmer evidence for a consistent incidence of post-partum psychosis across cultural and ethnic divides; this observation, together with clinical data and historical evidence of an unchanging incidence rate during the past 150 years, points to a primarily endogenous etiology for the psychoses.

Life events, social support and depression in childbirth: perspectives from a rural community in the developing world

Over one-quarter of mothers in a rural sub-district of Pakistan suffer from depression shortly before and after childbirth, suggesting Rapidly changing traditional family structures and practices may be increasing the risk of depression in many women.

Postnatal depression – myth and reality: maternal depression before and after the birth of a child

While most mothers experience periods of depressed mood after the birth of their baby, these periods are generally of short duration and of lesser intensity than a major depression.

Prevalence and social correlates of postnatal depression in a low income country

There is a high prevalence of postnatal depression in Pakistani women and early interventions should be developed that target the antenatal period and strengthen social support networks in women at risk.

Gender, poverty, and postnatal depression: a study of mothers in Goa, India.

Maternal and infant health policies, a priority in low-income countries, must integrate maternal depression as a disorder of public health significance and incorporate a strong gender-based component.

Maternal depression and infant growth: a review of recent evidence.

  • R. Stewart
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Maternal & child nutrition
  • 2007
The UK-based research suggests that such an association occurs in mothers/infants living in conditions of socio-economic deprivation, and the potential mechanisms by which the relationship between maternal depression and infant growth outcomes may be explained are discussed.

Ethnoepidemiology of postnatal depression

The cultural practice of peiyue – a Chinese post-partum custom of mandated family support – was associated with better social support and a slightly lower risk of postnatal depression, and conflict with mother-in-law, marital dissatisfaction, past depression and antenatal depression independently predicted the occurrence ofPostnatal depression.

New parents and mental disorders: a population-based register study.

In Denmark, the risk of postpartum mental disorders among primiparous mothers is increased for several months after childbirth, but among fathers there is no excess of severe mental disorders necessitating admission or outpatient contacts.

Comparative Incidence of Depression in Women and Men, During Pregnancy and after Childbirth

Comparisons of EPDS and SADS ratings showed that the translated EPDS was a valid instrument for women but it was less satisfactory when applied to men.
...