Postmortem analysis of encapsulation around long-term ventricular endocardial pacing leads.


OBJECTIVE To analyze the site and thickness of encapsulation around ventricular endocardial pacing leads and the extent of tricuspid valve adhesion, from today's perspective, with implications for lead removal and sensor location. MATERIAL AND METHODS Gross cardiac postmortem analysis was performed in 11 cases (8 female and 3 male patients; mean age, 78… (More)


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