Posterior Intercostal Nerve Block With Liposomal Bupivacaine: An Alternative to Thoracic Epidural Analgesia.

@article{Rice2015PosteriorIN,
  title={Posterior Intercostal Nerve Block With Liposomal Bupivacaine: An Alternative to Thoracic Epidural Analgesia.},
  author={David Rice and Juan Pablo Cata and Gabriel E Mena and Andrea Rodriguez-Restrepo and Arlene M. Correa and Reza John Mehran},
  journal={The Annals of thoracic surgery},
  year={2015},
  volume={99 6},
  pages={1953-60}
}
BACKGROUND Pain relief using regional neuroaxial blockade is standard care for patients undergoing major thoracic surgery. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) provides effective postoperative analgesia but has unwanted side effects, including hypotension, urinary retention, nausea, and vomiting, and is highly operator dependent. Single-shot intercostal nerve and paravertebral blockade have not been widely used because of the short duration of action of most local anesthetics; however, the recent… CONTINUE READING
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