Post-conflict reunions and reconciliation in long-tailed macaques

  title={Post-conflict reunions and reconciliation in long-tailed macaques},
  author={Marina Cords},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  • M. Cords
  • Published 1 July 1992
  • Psychology
  • Animal Behaviour
The Long‐Term Effects of Reconciliation in Japanese Macaques Macaca fuscata
The data support predictions from the Relationship-Repair Hypothesis suggesting that reconciliation functions as a mechanism for the repair of social relationships damaged by aggression and indicate that there are consequences to not reconciling with a former opponent.
Reconciliation, Consolation, and Redirection in Japanese Macaques (Macaca Fuscata)
We studied the occurrence of social interactions after agonistic conflicts in captiveJapanese macaques. We collected data on one group during the mating and the non-mating season and on another group
Reconciling with valuable partners by long-tailed macaques
In primates and other social mammals, opponents in aggressive conflicts have been reported to seek one another out after fights for various types of friendly interaction. In long-tailed macaques,
Reconciliation and the Costs of Aggression in Wild Barbary Macaques (Macaca sylvanus): A Test of the Integrated Hypothesis
The ‘integrated hypothesis’ predicts that reconciliation (the post-conflict friendly interaction between former opponents observed in various group-living species) functions to reduce anxiety and the
The Function and Determinants of Reconciliation in Pan troglodytes
Reconciliation (the postconflict affiliative reunion between former opponents) may mitigate costs of aggressive conflict by repairing the opponents’ relationship and reducing stress. We showed that
Kin-mediated reconciliation substitutes for direct reconciliation in female baboons
It is concluded that kin-mediated vocal reconciliation can substitute for direct reconciliation in baboons and help recipients of aggression tolerate the proximity of a recent opponent.
Reconciliation and variation in post-conflict stress in Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata fuscata): testing the integrated hypothesis
Victims’ self-directed behaviour (SDB) — a behavioural index of stress comprising increases in scratching, self-grooming, and body-shaking — was elevated following aggression but decreased rapidly following reconciliation, supporting the idea that reconciliation functions to reduce post-conflict stress.
Reconciliation, consolation and postconflict behavioral specificity in chimpanzees
Evidence for behavioral specificity, i.e. context‐specific use of certain behaviors, was found for both reconciliation and consolation, which, along with high conciliatory tendencies, suggests an explicit style of postconflict behavior in the study subjects.
Post‐conflict Behaviour of Wild Olive Baboons. I. Reconciliation, Redirection and Consolation
Observations of post-conflict interactions have provided important insights into primate social organization. In this study, the nature and determinants of post-conflict behaviour in a troop of wild
Reconciliation in Male Stump‐tailed Macaques (Macaca arctoides): Intolerant Males Care for Their Social Relationships
The results offer strong support for the importance of developing and preserving valuable relationships, even among rather intolerant males, as well as the main prediction of the valuable relationship hypothesis for the function and distribution of reconciliation.


Functional aspects of reconciliation among captive long‐tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis)
It is suggested that reconciliation can be an effective means to reduce the victim's acute stress and that its function in repairing social relationships can partly be mediated by its physiological effects.
Dyadic and triadic reconciliation in pigtail macaques (Macaca nemestrina)
  • P. Judge
  • Psychology, Biology
    American journal of primatology
  • 1991
Results suggest that both dyadic and triadic reconciliations occur in M. nemestrina and that compared to other primate species, the species exhibits a moderate‐to‐high conciliatory tendency.
Reconciliation following aggression in patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas
Reconciliation and Redirected Affection in Rhesus Monkeys
The question whether rhesus monkeys reconcile was empirically translated as: Do they seek non-agonistic contact with former adversaries? The study concerned a captive group of forty-one monkeys,
Redirected aggression and reconciliation among vervet monkeys, Cercopithecus aethiops
Among both kin and nonkin, opponents were significantly more likely to threaten their opponents' relatives following a fight than during matched-control periods (simple redirected aggression).
The Integration of Dominance and Social Bonding in Primates
  • F. Waal
  • Psychology
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1986
Observations demonstrate that relationships among adult male chimpanzees cannot be described in terms of a dichotomy between affiliative and antagonistic tendencies, and that male bonding in this species has not been achieved by an elimination of aggression, but by a set of powerful buffering mechanisms that mitigate its effects.
The formal hierarchy of rhesus macaques: An investigation of the bared‐teeth display
Teeth‐baring in a large captive rhesus monkey group (Macaca mulatta) was observed over a 30‐month period, indicating that dominance processes may be indistinguishable from social integration.
Class structure in a rhesus monkey group: the interplay between dominance and tolerance
  • F. Waal
  • Psychology
    Animal Behaviour
  • 1986
On the value of social relationships to nonhuman primates: A heuristic scheme
The biologist’s answer is that there must be gains that outweigh the costs, and that natural selection therefore produced individuals with social inclinations.