Possible determination of the vector and reservoir of leishmaniasis in the Dominican Republic.

  title={Possible determination of the vector and reservoir of leishmaniasis in the Dominican Republic.},
  author={R. N. Johnson and David G. Young and Jerry F. Butler and H Bogaert-Diaz},
  journal={The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene},
  volume={46 3},
Two species of sand flies were collected by various methods from sites in the Dominican Republic. Lutzomyia cayennensis hispaniolae was the more common of the two. It was found in wooded habitats from sea level to an elevation of 442 m. This species was observed feeding on lizards (Anolis sp.) in the wild. In the laboratory, it fed only on lizards and only under lighted conditions. The other species, Lu. christophei was only found in the vicinity of seven leishmaniasis case sites. It readily… Expand
Leishmania spp. and leishmaniasis on the Caribbean islands.
  • C. Yao
  • Medicine, Biology
  • Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • 2019
The kinetoplastid protozoan Leishmania spp. cause leishmaniasis, which clinically exhibit mainly as a cutaneous, mucocutanous or visceral form depending upon the parasite species in humans. TheExpand
Surveillance of phlebotomine fauna and Didelphis marsupialis (Didelphimorphia: Didelphidae) infection in an area highly endemic for visceral leishmaniasis in Colombia.
The presence of the Lutzomyia species that have been identified as vectors for Leishmania inside and around houses in the village of El Bledo, in El Carmen de Bolívar represents a risk of infection and it is necessary to carry out further longitudinal studies to confirm this hypothesis. Expand
Prevalence of antibodies against visceralizing Leishmania spp. in brown rats from Grenada, West Indies
The results show that rats (R. norvegicus) in Grenada are exposed to Leishmania spp. Expand
A Systematic Review (1990–2021) of Wild Animals Infected with Zoonotic Leishmania
This review identifies wild animals naturally infected with zoonotic Leishmania species as well as the organs infected, methods employed for detection and percentage of infection, and an exhaustive list of species; diagnostic techniques, including PCR targets; infected organs; number of animals explored and number of positives are presented. Expand
Characterization of Leishmania (Leishmania) waltoni n.sp. (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), the Parasite Responsible for Diffuse Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the Dominican Republic.
Leishmania parasites isolated from Dominican Republic patients with diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis were characterized using a panel of 12 isoenzymes, 23 monoclonal antibodies, small subunit ribosomal DNA, and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA). Expand
Phylogeography of Caribbean lizard malaria: tracing the history of vector‐borne parasites
  • S. Perkins
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of evolutionary biology
  • 2001
Nested clade analysis revealed a significant association of geographical location and clades as well as a pattern of past fragmentation of parasite populations, consistent with the hypothesis that vector‐borne parasites such as malaria may be subject to frequent local extinctions and recolonizations. Expand
Investigation of a new focus of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Ghana
The Leishmaniasis species (GH5) responsible for the CL cases in that part of Ghana were successfully isolated into culture for the first time and proved to be distinct from the known species but closely related to non-pathogenic Leishmania enriettii species. Expand
Is the domestic dog (Canis familiaris) a reservoir host of American cutaneous leishmaniasis? A critical review of the current evidence.
It is concluded that as yet there is only circumstantial evidence to support the claim that the domestic dog may have a reservoir role in the domestic transmission of human ACL, and proposed that incidence of ACL in humans could be reduced by targeting infected dogs. Expand
A Synopsis of Rodent Species in the Caribbean Islands, Endemic and Invasive
Eradication of nuisance predators like cats and mongooses in order to protect endemic rodent species should incorporate effective quarantine programmes, and enforcing policies prohibiting the presence of potentially invasive pets should be a major component of conservation plans in insular environments such as those found on small islands. Expand
Impact of Habitat Degradation on Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae) of Tropical Dry Forests in Northern Colombia
Habitat degradation negatively affected sand fly communities, but medically important species were able to exploit modified environments, thereby contributing to Leishmania endemicity. Expand