Possible consequences of absence of “jupiters” in planetary systems

@article{Wetherill1994PossibleCO,
  title={Possible consequences of absence of “jupiters” in planetary systems},
  author={George W. Wetherill},
  journal={Astrophysics and Space Science},
  year={1994},
  volume={212},
  pages={23-32}
}
  • G. Wetherill
  • Published 1 February 1994
  • Physics, Geology
  • Astrophysics and Space Science
The formation of the gas giant planets Jupiter and Saturn probably required the growth of massive ∼ 15 Earth-mass cores on a time scale shorter than the ∼ 107 time scale for removal of nebular gas. Relatively minor variations in nebular parameters could preclude the growth of full-size gas giants even in systems in which the terrestrial planet region is similar to our own. Systems containing “failed Jupiters,” resembling Uranus and Neptune in their failure to capture much nebular gas, would be… 

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