Positive emotions in early life and longevity: findings from the nun study.

@article{Danner2001PositiveEI,
  title={Positive emotions in early life and longevity: findings from the nun study.},
  author={Deborah D. Danner and David A. Snowdon and Wallace V. Friesen},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={2001},
  volume={80 5},
  pages={
          804-13
        }
}
Handwritten autobiographies from 180 Catholic nuns, composed when participants were a mean age of 22 years, were scored for emotional content and related to survival during ages 75 to 95. A strong inverse association was found between positive emotional content in these writings and risk of mortality in late life (p < .001). As the quartile ranking of positive emotion in early life increased, there was a stepwise decrease in risk of mortality resulting in a 2.5-fold difference between the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Emotional word use and longevity among Japanese business leaders

Positive emotion word use and longevity in famous deceased psychologists.

  • S. PressmanSheldon Cohen
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2012
Results indicate that in writing, not every type of emotion correlates with longevity and that there may be value to considering different categories beyond emotional valence in health relevant outcomes.

Characteristics of Positive Autobiographical Memories in Adulthood

  • S. BluckN. Alea
  • Psychology
    International journal of aging & human development
  • 2009
The characteristics of positive autobiographical memory narratives were examined in younger and older adults, and age differences in cognitive characteristics appeared: younger adults showed greater causation-insight, and greater tentativeness in retelling their autobiographical memories.

Positive Emotions, Positive Emotionality and Their Contribution to Fortigenic Living: A Review

The term fortology refers to the origins of strength, and is used as an alternative to positive psychology. The purpose of the review is to highlight extant knowledge and the research potential of

Resilience and positive emotions: examining the role of emotional memories.

It is proposed that emotional memories play an important role in the self-generation of positive emotions and a measure of emotional memories networks (EMN) had a predictive value for broad emotion regulation constructs and outcomes.

The Role of Motivation in the Age-Related Positivity Effect in Autobiographical Memory

This study reveals that older adults have a positivity effect in long-term autobiographical memory and that a positivity bias can be induced in younger adults by a heightened motivation to regulate

Emotional distress in Catholic priests and religious sisters during COVID-19: the mediational role of trait positivity

Results revealed that emotional stability and conscientiousness significantly and indirectly predicted positive affectivity, but were significant and negative indirect predictors of negative affect, and state anxiety.

Positive affect and the complex dynamics of human flourishing.

Findings suggest that a set of general mathematical principles may describe the relations between positive affect and human flourishing.

Emotional experience improves with age: evidence based on over 10 years of experience sampling.

Cross-sectional and growth curve analyses indicate that aging is associated with more positive overall emotional well-being, with greater emotional stability and with more complexity (as evidenced by greater co-occurrence of positive and negative emotions).

Spirituality and the Temporal Dynamics of Transcendental Positive Emotions

This study examined the relationships between individual differences in spirituality, as measured by the Daily Spiritual Experience (DSE) scale, and the temporal dynamics of transcendental positive
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 46 REFERENCES

Catastrophizing and Untimely Death

Participants in the Terman Life-Cycle Study completed open-ended questionnaires in 1936 and 1940, and these responses were blindly scored for explanatory style by content analysis. Catastrophizing

Putting stress into words: health, linguistic, and therapeutic implications.

Positive Emotions Speed Recovery from the Cardiovascular Sequelae of Negative Emotions.

Two studies tested the hypothesis that certain positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions and found that those who viewed the positive films exhibited more rapid returns to pre-film levels of cardiovascular activation.

Stability of emotion experiences and their relations to traits of personality.

The article presents a theoretical framework for studying emotion-personality relations and an empirical study of the stability of 88 normal middle-class mothers' emotion experiences and their

Emotion cognition interaction in personality development: a discrete emotions, functionalist analysis.

It is suggested that individual differences in affective organization, acquired during the course of development, result in affect-specific biases in expressive patterns and idiosyncratic perceptual organizations that contribute to psychological continuities that are identified as emotional traits.

The body's response to processing emotional trauma: linking verbal text with autonomic activity.

It was found that certain text dimensions are highly related to skin conductance level (SCL) but not heart rate, and subjects' SCLs were more likely to drop when subjects used positive emotion words and self-references and at the conclusion of sentences or thought units.

Emotion, physiology, and expression in old age.

Emotion-specific autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity was studied in 20 elderly people (age 71-83 years, M = 77) who followed muscle-by-muscle instructions for constructing facial prototypes of

Handbook of Life Stress, Cognition and Health

A comprehensive and authoritative review of experience, theory and management/therapy of the stresses associated with life events (psychological and physical well being). Models of stress and illness

Emotion and autonomic nervous system activity in the Minangkabau of west Sumatra.

Findings provide the first evidence that patterns of emotion-specific ANS activity and the capacity of voluntary facial action to generate this activity are not unique to American culture.

Hiding feelings: the acute effects of inhibiting negative and positive emotion.

Physiologically, suppression had no effect in the neutral film, but clear effects in both negative and positive emotional films, including increased sympathetic activation of the cardiovascular system.