Positive and Negative Reinforcement, A Distinction That Is No Longer Necessary; Or A Better Way to Talk About Bad Things

@article{Michale2005PositiveAN,
  title={Positive and Negative Reinforcement, A Distinction That Is No Longer Necessary; Or A Better Way to Talk About Bad Things},
  author={J. Joseph Edward Michale},
  journal={Journal of Organizational Behavior Management},
  year={2005},
  volume={24},
  pages={207 - 222}
}
  • J. Michale
  • Published 29 July 2005
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Organizational Behavior Management
(2005). Positive and Negative Reinforcement, A Distinction That Is No Longer Necessary; Or A Better Way to Talk About Bad Things. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management: Vol. 24, No. 1-2, pp. 207-222. 

Positive Psychology and the Distinction Between Positive and Negative Reinforcement

Abstract The authors make a reasonable point, that behavior analysis should be concerned with effective behavior in its own right and not only as a replacement for ineffective behavior. But positive

The distinction between positive and negative reinforcement: Use with care

TLDR
Commentaries by a group of distinguished behavior analysts are responded to about the distinction between positive and negative reinforcement in terms of whether the reinforcing event involves onset or offset of a stimulus.

And yet … : Further comments on distinguishing positive and negative reinforcement

TLDR
Comment on some of the underpinnings of the distinction, some further practical reasons for its persistence, and how the inconsistencies between what is known about the distinction and how it is described in both professional and lay settings might be addressed.

Positive and negative reinforcement: Should the distinction be preserved?

TLDR
New evidence is found in contemporary research and theory that allows reliable classification of an event as a positive rather than a negative reinforcer, but Michael's admonitions about the conceptual confusion created by such a distinction are not found.

A People-Based Approach to OBM

Abstract This rejoinder discusses some common points raised in the commentaries of this special issue of JOBM, including (1) different definitions of positive and negative, (2) use of the terms

Are positive and negative reinforcement "different"? Insights from a free-operant differential outcomes effect.

TLDR
A control experiment showed that the feedback asymmetry of more traditional positive and negative reinforcement schedules also is sufficient to create a "difference" when the type of consequence is held constant, supporting the notion that that stimulus-presentation positive reinforcement and stimulus-elimination negative reinforcement are functionally "different".

The distinction between positive and negative reinforcement: Some additional considerations

TLDR
It is not clear to me whether the authors are recommending simply a new terminological convention or whether they are suggesting something more fundamental—a change in basic principles, or at least a new way to conceptualize the authors' data.

On the distinction between positive and negative reinforcement

  • B. Iwata
  • Psychology
    The Behavior analyst
  • 2006
TLDR
Baron and Galizio (2005) do a service to the field by prompting us to reconsider an unresolved issue in terminology and pointing to the fact that reinforcement involves operations that might not easily be described as the presentation or removal of a stimulus.

Speculation and explicit identification as judgmental standards for positive or negative reinforcement: A comment on Baron and Galizio (2005)

TLDR
The conundrum presented by Baron and Galizio is represented in a case of a rat pressing a lever to turn on a heat lamp in a cold room, which is conventionally treated as positive reinforcement, but which one may regard as negative reinforcement, because the lever pressing terminates coldness.

Through the looking glass: Symmetry in behavioral principles?

Baron and Galizio (2005) have reprised and updated Michael's regretfully neglected (1975) paper on the lack of functional or interpretative distinctions between positive and negative reinforcement.
...

References

SHOWING 1-5 OF 5 REFERENCES

The Principles of Psychology

I.TO give readers some idea of the contents of a good book is very often the most useful thing a reviewer can do. Unfortunately that course is not open to us in the present instance. The subject is

The Behavior of Organisms?

The term & #x2018;organism & #x2018; enjoys a revered place within the vocabulary of behavior analysis, most notably perhaps within the title of Skinner’s seminal work (The Behavior of Organisms,

An experimental study of punishment.