Positioning single atoms with a scanning tunnelling microscope

@article{Eigler1990PositioningSA,
  title={Positioning single atoms with a scanning tunnelling microscope},
  author={Donald Eigler and Erich Schweizer},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1990},
  volume={344},
  pages={524-526}
}
SINCE its invention in the early 1980s by Binnig and Rohrer1,2, the scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) has provided images of surfaces and adsorbed atoms and molecules with unprecedented resolution. The STM has also been used to modify surfaces, for example by locally pinning molecules to a surface3 and by transfer of an atom from the STM tip to the surface4. Here we report the use of the STM at low temperatures (4 K) to position individual xenon atoms on a single-crystal nickel surface with… 
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THE scanning tunnelling microscope1 (STM) has been employed in recent years in attempts to develop atomic-scale electronic devices, both by examining device-like characteristics in preexisting
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THE potential of the scanning tunnelling microscope (STM) as a tool for the high-resolution manipulation of surfaces and surface-adsorbed phases has been amply demonstrated1–5. In general, previous
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TLDR
It is demonstrated that precise positioning of atoms on a copper surface is possible at room temperature and the triggering mechanism for the atomic motion unexpectedly depends on the tunnelling current density, rather than the electric field or proximity of tip and surface.
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TLDR
A general method of manipulating adsorbed atoms and molecules on room-temperature surfaces with the use of a scanning tunneling microscope is described, and cesium structures from one nanometer to a few tens of nanometers across have been created on the surfaces of gallium arsenide and indium antimonide.
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The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) made it possible to manipulate atoms and move them around. Now researchers are discovering how to alter the chemical properties of individual atoms. In his
Micromachining Tools for Nanosystems
Science and technology have always pushed towards micro miniaturization. In the late 1980s, a single atom was manipulated by scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The STM has a probe as sharp as an
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