Positioning and guidance of neurons on gold surfaces by directed assembly of proteins using Atomic Force Microscopy.

Abstract

We demonstrate that Atomic Force Microscopy nanolithography can be used to control effectively the adhesion, growth and interconnectivity of cortical neurons on Au surfaces. We demonstrate immobilization of neurons at well-defined locations on Au surfaces using two different types of patterned proteins: 1) poly-d-lysine (PDL), a positively charged polypeptide used extensively in tissue culture and 2) laminin, a component of the extracellular matrix. Our results show that both PDL and laminin patterns can be used to confine neuronal cells and to control their growth and interconnectivity on Au surfaces, a significant step towards the engineering of artificial neuronal assemblies with well-controlled neuron position and connections.

DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2009.03.027

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Cite this paper

@article{Staii2009PositioningAG, title={Positioning and guidance of neurons on gold surfaces by directed assembly of proteins using Atomic Force Microscopy.}, author={Cristian Staii and Chris W Viesselmann and Jason Ballweg and Lifang Shi and Gang-Yu Liu and Justin C. Williams and Erik W. Dent and Susan N. Coppersmith and Mark A. Eriksson}, journal={Biomaterials}, year={2009}, volume={30 20}, pages={3397-404} }