Positional cloning of Lps, and the general role of toll-like receptors in the innate immune response.


In mice (and by inference, in all mammals), a single pathway exists to serve lipopolysaccharide (LPS) signal transduction, and as such, allelic mutations at a single locus entirely abolish responses to LPS in C3H/HeJ and C57BL/10ScCr mice. Positional cloning of this locus, known as Lps, revealed that mutations of the Toll-like receptor 4 gene (Tlr4) are… (More)