Positional averaging explains crowding with letter-like stimuli.

@article{Greenwood2009PositionalAE,
  title={Positional averaging explains crowding with letter-like stimuli.},
  author={John A Greenwood and Peter J. Bex and Steven C. Dakin},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2009},
  volume={106 31},
  pages={13130-5}
}
Visual crowding is a breakdown in object identification that occurs in cluttered scenes, a process that represents the principle restriction on visual performance in the periphery. When crowded objects are presented experimentally, a key finding is that observers frequently report nearby flanking items instead of the target. This observation has led to the proposal that crowding reflects increased noise in the positional code for objects; although how the presence of nearby objects might… CONTINUE READING

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