Position statement on therapies focused on attempts to change sexual orientation (reparative or conversion therapies).

  title={Position statement on therapies focused on attempts to change sexual orientation (reparative or conversion therapies).},
  author={Copp Position Statement},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  volume={157 10},
Preamble In December of 1998, the Board of Trustees issued a position statement (see attached) that the American Psychiatric Association opposes any psychiatric treatment, such as "reparative" or conversion therapy, which is based upon the assumption that homosexuality per se is a mental disorder or based upon the a priori assumption that a patient should change his/her sexual homosexual orientation. In doing so, the APA joined many other professional organizations that either oppose or are… Expand
Sexual Orientation Change Efforts, Conservative Christianity and Resistance to Sexual Justice
In this article, I situate the practice of sexual orientation conversion efforts (SOCE), sometimes known as conversion or reparative therapy, within historical, cultural, religious and politicalExpand
Ethical Concerns Raised When Patients Seek to Change Same-Sex Attractions
SUMMARY Since the American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from its diagnostic manual in 1973, mainstream mental health organizations have maintained that an individual's sexualExpand
Cures versus Choices: Agendas in Sexual Reorientation Therapy
SUMMARY Longstanding debates have occurred in the mental health fields on the issues surrounding sexual reorientation therapy. Both sides agree that a subset of individuals with same-sex attractionsExpand
Society’s Request for Conversion Therapy: Is It Effective and Ethical to be Done?
  • Stefany Valentia, E. K. Poerwandari
  • Psychology
  • Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities Universitas Indonesia Conference (APRISH 2019)
  • 2021
As a conservative country, Indonesia is one of the countries that is still struggling to accept homosexuality. General view of sexual identity and sexual orientation is fixated on binary concept,Expand
Nursing Implications in the Application of Conversion Therapies on Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Clients
The historical perceptions of homosexuality as psychiatric pathology, efficacy of conversion-based therapies in the changing of clients' homosexual orientations to heterosexual, positions of professional medical and nursing organizations regarding the use of conversion therapies, and ethical considerations these types of therapies pose for psychiatric and mental health nurses are explored. Expand
Conversion Therapies for Same-Sex Attracted Clients in Religious Conflict
Despite a long history of viewing homosexuality as pathological and in need of change, the majority of mental health professions have, during the past 30 years, adopted statements that haveExpand
Sexual Reorientation Therapy Interventions: Perspectives of Ex-Ex-Gay Individuals
While the topic of sexual reorientation therapy, that is, therapy intended to change one's sexual orientation from lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) to heterosexual, is not a new one, there is renewedExpand
Can Some Gay Men and Lesbians Change Their Sexual Orientation? 200 Participants Reporting a Change from Homosexual to Heterosexual Orientation
  • R. Spitzer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2003
There is evidence that change in sexual orientation following some form of reparative therapy does occur in some gay men and lesbians. Expand
Gay-affirmative Therapy and Emerging Integrative Solutions Working with Ego-dissonant Gay Male Clients
A dichotomy exists in the literature in relation to treating ego-dissonant gay clients who struggle to reconcile their same-sex attractionwith opposing values and beliefs.Historically, the treatmentExpand
Experiences of Ex-Ex-Gay Individuals in Sexual Reorientation Therapy: Reasons for Seeking Treatment, Perceived Helpfulness and Harmfulness of Treatment, and Post-Treatment Identification
The findings of this study were consistent with recommendations by the American Psychological Association Task Force on Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation (2009), which concluded that helpful aspects of re orientation therapy could be achieved through affirmative treatment methods while avoiding potential harms that may be associated with reorientation therapy. Expand


The practice and ethics of sexual orientation conversion therapy.
  • D. C. Haldeman
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1994
The need to develop more complex models for conceptualizing sexual orientation is discussed, as well as the need to provide treatments to gay men and lesbians that are consonant with psychology's stance on homosexuality. Expand
Book Review: The Homosexual Person: New Thinking in Pastoral Care
For the average citizen, homosexuality is a condition poorly understood, repellent, and confusing. For this reason, it is essential that this recently published book by Father Harvey be widely readExpand
The Psychoanalytic Treatment of Homosexuality Some Technical Considerations
In the psychoanalytic l iterature on the treatment of homosexuality, one particular point of view, which I shall designate the directive-suggestive approach, has attained the greatest visibility andExpand
Sexual Inversion: The Multiple Roots of Homosexuality
With 18 authors (all but two of them physicians) this volume suffers from more than the average ills of multiple authorship. In addition to a loosely coordinated text, there is undue repetition andExpand
Homosexuality and American psychiatry: the politics of diagnosis
Stephen Garton has charted a previously unrecognized shift in the pattern of asylum admissions between 1880 and 1940, where the typical inpatient became transformed into a depressed, suburban, family-based female. Expand
Becoming Gay: The Journey to Self-Acceptance
Through a series of rich case studies, Richard Isay addresses the difficulties gay men face in establishing a sense of positive self-regard, from adolescence through old age, and includes a chapter on developing a positive gay identity when HIV-positive or living with AIDS. Expand
Psychodynamics, homosexuality, and the question of pathology.
The notion that psychodynamic causes and contributions imply pathology is a historical artifiact deriving from Freud's original libidinal fixation theory of neurosis and is not only no longer necessary, but also is inconsistent with a more contemporary psychondynamic understanding of human experience and several important psychoanalytic principles. Expand
Homosexuality and Pseudohomosexuality
Originally published in Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books, 1972, Vol 17(7), 405. Reviews the book, Homosexuality and Pseudohomosexuality by Lionel Ovesey (1969). The core of author'sExpand
Exotic becomes erotic: A developmental theory of sexual orientation.
A developmental theory of erotic/romantic attraction is presented that provides the same basic account for opposite-sex and same-sex desire in both men and women. It proposes that biologicalExpand
Wild Desires and Mistaken Identities: Lesbianism and Psychoanalysis
Based on the authors' clinical psychotherapy experience, this study of lesbian lives and experiences suggests a new framework which does not generalize all lesbianism. It seeks to developExpand