Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets.

@article{Craig1988PositionOT,
  title={Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets.},
  author={Winston J. Craig and Ann Reed Mangels},
  journal={Journal of the American Dietetic Association},
  year={1988},
  volume={88 3},
  pages={
          351
        }
}
Vegetarian Diets in Pregnancy
TLDR
Dietetics professionals play important roles in counseling pregnant vegetarians and may be called upon to address a variety of issues including family concerns and pressure, making the change to a vegetarian diet during pregnancy, foods and food preparation, meal planning, and coping with common concerns of pregnancy such as nausea and constipation.
Vegetarian Diet: Why Is It Beneficial?
TLDR
The evidence available suggests that through carefully planning their diets and eating fortified food or supplement regularly, vegeterians can certainly be able to meet their nutrition needs.
Vegetarian Diets for Weight Loss: How Strong is the Evidence?
TLDR
A systematic review and meta-analysis of 12 randomized trials that compared vegan diets or lacto-ovo diets to non-vegetarian diets and that included body weight as a study outcome to assess the effects of vegetarian diets on weight loss and maintenance, concluding that low quality studies were deemed low quality and had heterogeneous methods.
The Effects of Vegetarian and Vegan Diet during Pregnancy on the Health of Mothers and Offspring
TLDR
A design of pregestational nutrition intervention is required in order to avoid maternal undernutrition and consequent impaired fetal growth and possible unfavorable outcomes related to micronutrients deficiencies and their impact on fetal development.
Vegetarian diets, low-meat diets and health: a review
TLDR
Evidence linking red meat intake, particularly processed meat, and increased risk of CHD, cancer and type 2 diabetes is convincing and provides indirect support for consumption of a plant-based diet.
Vegetarian Diet - Dealing with Efficiency and Deficiency of It - A Review
TLDR
The characteristics and benefits of vegetarian diets in the general population and the possible beneficial effects of such diet on phosphate balance, insulin sensitivity, and the control of metabolic acidosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are summarized.
Clinical practice
TLDR
Insight is given on the benefits and risks of vegetarianism, with special emphasis on vegetarian child nutrition, and how a well-balanced lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet can satisfy all nutritional needs of the growing child.
Vegetarian diets in health promotion and disease prevention.
TLDR
This chapter provides some guidance in characterizing vegetarian dietary patterns, health benefits, and concerns as well as in identifying sources of various nutrients that may be marginal in many vegetarian diets.
Critical Dietary Habits in Early Childhood: Principles and Practice.
TLDR
Well-designed FBDG provide various opportunities to identify critical nutrients and critical food habits in early childhood and beyond, and the question of how families cope with financial constraints in everyday life remains.
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 36 REFERENCES
Low blood pressure in vegetarians: effects of specific foods and nutrients.
  • F. Sacks, E. Kass
  • Biology, Medicine
    The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • 1988
TLDR
Animal products, carbohydrate, and different types of fats do not appear to explain the low BP in vegetarians, and modest intake of animal products may be a marker for a large intake of other potentially beneficial nutrients from vegetable products.
Adequacy of a vegetarian diet at old age (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System).
TLDR
A lacto-(ovo-)vegetarian diet can be adequate at old age, provided that it is carefully planned, especially with respect to the supply of iron, zinc, and vitamin B12.
Does a vegetarian diet reduce the occurrence of diabetes?
TLDR
The hypothesis that a vegetarian diet reduces the risk of developing diabetes is proposed and associations observed between diabetes and meat consumption were apparently not due to confounding by over- or under-weight, other selected dietary factors, or physical activity.
Assessment of trace metal intake and status in a Gujerati pregnant Asian population and their influence on the outcome of pregnancy
TLDR
Though the dietary intake of energy, protein and zinc was significantly lower in the Indian vegetarian Gujerati group when compared to the equivalent group in Harrow, the birthweights of the babies delivered at term were similar and the plasma concentrations of zinc were similar in all dietary groups in either India or Harrow.
Effect of vegetarianism on the zinc status of pregnant women.
TLDR
The data suggest that the parameters of zinc status studied were affected by pregnancy more than ovo-lacto vegetarian dietary habits.
Zinc and copper in Asian pregnancies–is there evidence for a nutritional deficiency?
TLDR
The Hindus had an apparently lower average zinc status than the Europeans, but there was no evidence that this had acted as a nutritional constraint and was the cause of their slower rate of intrauterine growth.
Effect of vegetarianism on development of gall stones in women.
TLDR
The importance of age and obesity to determine the prevalence of gall stone was confirmed, and a dietary factor associated with vegetarianism may prevent this common condition.
SYMPTOMLESS DIVERTICULAR DISEASE AND INTAKE OF DIETARY FIBRE
Nutritional, physiological, and menstrual status of distance runners.
TLDR
The nutritional inadequacy would appear to separate the AR from the RMR, and, thus, the exercise training performed by the athletes at the time of the present investigation alone does not appear to be the major factor associated with athletic amenorrhea.
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