Portuguese Living Standards, 1720–1980, in European Comparison: Heights, Income, and Human Capital

  title={Portuguese Living Standards, 1720–1980, in European Comparison: Heights, Income, and Human Capital},
  author={Yvonne Stolz and Joerg Baten and Jaime Reis},
  journal={Development Economics: Regional \& Country Studies eJournal},
When and why did the Portuguese become the shortest Europeans? In order to find the answer to this question, we trace the trend in Portuguese living standards from the 1720s until recent times. We find that during the early nineteenth century average height in Portugal did not differ significantly from average height in most other European countries, but that when, around 1850, European anthropometric values began to climb sharply, Portugal's did not. In a panel analysis of 12 countries, we… 

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