Port wine stain treated with a combination of pulsed dye laser and topical rapamycin ointment.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE A port wine stain (PWS) is a type of capillary vascular malformation composed of malformed, dilated blood vessels within the papillary and reticular dermis. Currently, pulsed dye laser (PDL) is considered the therapeutic gold standard, although greater than 90% of lesions may be refractory to treatment. Studies have shown that a… (More)
DOI: 10.1002/lsm.22436

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