Porphyrin metabolism was studied in 21 children of both sexes suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and 34 adult patients of different ages and sexes suffering from ALL (n = 14), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), n = 14, or Hodgkin's disease (HD), n = 6. In addition, two groups of healthy children (n = 14), and adults (n = 17) were studied for comparison. It was apparent from this study that the activity of uroporphyrinogen-1-synthetase (URO-1-S, E.C. 188.8.131.52) was highly significantly activated in the blood of children, while the activities of blood 5-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase (E.C. 184.108.40.206) and ferrochelatase (E.C. 220.127.116.11.), as expressed by protoporphyrin/haem ratio, were inhibited in those children. Also, free erythrocyte total porphyrins were increased, while the haem content was reduced. The concentrations of 5-aminolevulinic acid, coproporphyprin and uroporphyrin were increased in the urine of children with ALL. On the other hand, some dramatic changes were found in porphyrin metabolism in adult patients suffering from ALL, NHL and HD. The aforementioned disturbances were discussed in the light of some factors which may affect the enzymatic activities in the synthesis of porphyrins.