Population structure and classification of Apis cerana

  title={Population structure and classification of Apis cerana},
  author={Sarah E. Radloff and Colleen Hepburn and H. Randall Hepburn and Stefan Fuchs and Soesilawati Hadisoesilo and Ken Tan and Michael S. Engel and Viktor Kuznetsov},
Multivariate morphometric analyses of Apis cerana Fabricius, 1793 across its full geographical range were performed. Principal components plots did not reveal distinct morphoclusters. Further substructuring of the principal component plots could not initially be derived but only by introducing local labelling did it reveal six main morphoclusters. We apply geographically based common epithets to the morphoclusters and designate them as: as “Northern cerana”, “Himalayan cerana” “Indian plains… 

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