Population structure and biogeography of Hemiphaga pigeons (Aves: Columbidae) on islands in the New Zealand region

  title={Population structure and biogeography of Hemiphaga pigeons (Aves: Columbidae) on islands in the New Zealand region},
  author={Julia Goldberg and Steven A. Trewick and Ralph G. Powlesland},
  journal={Journal of Biogeography},
Aim  The New Zealand avifauna includes lineages that lack close relatives elsewhere and have low diversity, characteristics sometimes ascribed to long geographic isolation. However, extinction at the population and species levels could yield the same pattern. A prominent example is the ecologically important pigeon genus Hemiphaga. In this study, we examined the population structure and phylogeography of Hemiphaga across islands in the region. 

Out of the Bassian province: historical biogeography of the Australasian platycercine parrots (Aves, Psittaciformes)

Out of the Bassian province: historical biogeography of the Australasian platycercine parrots (Aves, Psittaciformes).

ntercontinental island hopping : Colonization and speciation of the rasshopper genus Phaulacridium ( Orthoptera : Acrididae ) in ustralasia

Due to their distance from the pole and extent of surrounding oceans, southern hemisphere lands were not subjected to such severe climatic conditions in the Pleistocene as those in the northern

Species Radiation of Carabid Beetles (Broscini: Mecodema) in New Zealand

The inferred timings indicate radiation of these beetles no earlier than the mid-Miocene with most divergences being younger, dating to the Plio-Pleistocene, emphasising the youthful and dynamic nature of New Zealand evolution that will be further elucidated with detailed ecological and population genetic analyses.

Macroevolutionary patterns in the diversification of parrots: effects of climate change, geological events and key innovations

A temporal and spatial framework for the diversification of parrots is presented using external avian fossils as calibration points in order to evaluate the relative importance of the influences of past climate change, plate tectonics and ecological opportunity.

Levels of genetic differentiation and gene flow between four populations of the Scaly-naped Pigeon, Patagioenas squamosa: implications for conservation

The genetic structure of the Scaly-naped Pigeon, Patagioenas squamosa, a Caribbean-endemic columbid species of cynegetic interest, is documented for the first time, suggesting that the species may mainly consist of a single large, homogeneous population.

Population genetic structure and conservation management of hill pigeons (Columba rupestris) recently endangered in South Korea

To conserve hill pigeons with low genetic diversity and differentiation in South Korea, the conservation process of captive propagation and reintroduction may require artificial gene flows among genetically verified populations in captivity and wildness.

Evidence for Bergmann's Rule and Not Allopatric Subspeciation in the Threatened Kaka (Nestor meridionalis).

Results suggest that using neutral genetic diversity alone can be misleading when identifying management units and that the nature of phenotypic variation should be considered in translocations efforts, and that cross-island translocation be allowed.

Closing the gap: Avian lineage splits at a young, narrow seaway imply a protracted history of mixed population response

Contrary patterns indicate priority effects and other ecological factors have a strong influence on spatial exchange at this scale, and North Island Weka have higher mtDNA diversity than the more wide‐ranging southern Weka.

Phylogeny and biogeography of the parrot genus Prioniturus (Aves: Psittaciformes)

According to the biogeographic reconstruction, Prioniturus has diversified by a complex combination of colonization of islands and subsequent divergence in allopatry among and within island groups and documents a rare case of faunal exchange between these two regions.



A Large Fruit Pigeon (Columbidae) from the Early Miocene of New Zealand

A new genus and species of pigeon is described from a single coracoid from the St Bathans Fauna of New Zealand, which supports recent divergence-date estimates for Hemiphaga and its modern sister taxon (Lopholaimus) based on molecular data.

Lack of phylogeographic structure in three widespread Australian birds reinforces emerging challenges in Australian historical biogeography

It is shown that observable geographic structure may evolve very quickly, in response either to environmental gradients or to historical factors that operated too recently to be detected by ND2 sequences (e.g. in the singing honeyeater).

Surviving glacial ages within the Biotic Gap: phylogeography of the New Zealand cicada Maoricicada campbelli

This work sampled more intensively to discover if M. campbelli had survived within the Biotic Gap during recent glacial maxima, and if predicted areas of secondary contact between the two major clades existed.

Endemism, species selection and the origin and distribution of the vascular plant flora of New Zealand

Endemic and range disjunction patterns in the New Zealand mainland are not, in general, directly caused by Pliocene inundations or the faulting and associated horizontal displacement of terrain that has continued since the Miocene.

The Chatham Islands pigeon (Parea) deserves full species status; Hemiphaga chathamensis (Rothschild 1891); Aves: Columbidae

Comparisons of the osteology and external morphology of the mainland and Chatham Island forms of the New Zealand pigeon show that the two differ markedly in size, appearance, and structure and should be considered as full species, H novaeseelandiae and H chathamensis (Rothschild).

The importance of birds as browsers, pollinators and seed dispersers in New Zealand forests

New Zealand's forest plants evolved in the absence of mammalian herbivores, but subject to the attentions of a variety of other animals, including birds, insects and mammals.

The historic biogeography and community ecology of Polynesian pigeons and doves

Since all Polynesian pigeons and doves are frugivorous and/or granivorous, their decline in recent millennia probably has affected the composition ofPolynesian forests by limiting inter- and intra-island dispersal of plant propagules.

Evolutionary radiation of the cicada genus Maoricicada Dugdale (Hemiptera: Cicadoidea) and the origins of the New Zealand alpine biota

The reconstructions suggest that the ancestral Maoricicada may have been preadapted to the alpine environment because it existed before the origin of high mountainous habitats, dwelt at mid-to-low altitudes, and yet possessed the classic alpine insect adaptations of heavy pubescence and dark coloration.

The Oligocene bottleneck and New Zealand biota: genetic record of a past environmental crisis

  • A. CooperR. Cooper
  • Geology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B: Biological Sciences
  • 1995
The data support the existence of a widespread genetic bottleneck during the mid-Cenozoic in New Zealand and demonstrate the benefits of synthesizing traditional research with new molecular techniques.

Flightless brown kiwis of New Zealand possess extremely subdivided population structure and cryptic species like small mammals.

Using allozymes and mtDNA sequences from the cytochrome b gene, it is reported that the brown kiwi has the highest levels of genetic structuring observed in birds, and Shared-derived morphological characters support the same relationships evident in the molecular phylogenies and suggest that as Brown kiwis colonized northward from the southern South Island, they retained many primitive characters that confounded earlier systematists.