Population genomics of the Viking world

  title={Population genomics of the Viking world},
  author={Ashot Margaryan and Daniel John Lawson and Martin Sikora and Fernando Racimo and Simon Rasmussen and Ida Moltke and Lara M. Cassidy and Emil J{\o}rsboe and Andr{\'e}s Ingason and Mikkel Winther Pedersen and Thorfinn Sand Korneliussen and Helene Wilhelmson and Magdalena M Bus and Peter de Barros Damgaard and Rui Martiniano and Gabriel Renaud and Claude Bh{\'e}rer and Jos{\'e} V{\'i}ctor Moreno-Mayar and Anna K. Fotakis and Marie Allen and Raili Allm{\"a}e and Martyna Molak and Enrico Cappellini and Gabriele Scorrano and Hugh McColl and Alexandra P. Buzhilova and Allison Fox and Anders Albrechtsen and Berit Sch{\"u}tz and Birgitte Skar and Caroline Arcini and Ceri Falys and Charlotte Hedenstierna Jonson and Dariusz Blaszczyk and Denis V. Pezhemsky and Gordon Turner‐Walker and Hildur Gestsd{\'o}ttir and Inge K. C. Lundstr{\o}m and Ingrid Gustin and Ingrid Mainland and I. D. Potekhina and Italo M. Muntoni and Jade Yu Cheng and Jesper Stenderup and Jilong Ma and Julie Gibson and J{\"u}ri Peets and J{\"o}rgen Gustafsson and Katrine H{\o}jholt Iversen and Linzi Simpson and Lisa Mariann Strand and Louise Loe and Maeve Sikora and Marek Florek and Maria Vretemark and Mark Redknap. and Monika Bajka and Tamara Pushkina and Morten Breinholt S{\o}vs{\o} and Natalia Grigoreva and Tom Christensen and Ole Thirup Kastholm and Otto Christian Uldum and Pasquale Favia and Per Holck and Sabine Sten and S{\'i}mun V. Arge and Sturla Ellingv{\aa}g and Vayacheslav Moiseyev and Wiesław Bogdanowicz and Yvonne Magnusson and Ludovic Orlando and Peter Pentz and Mads Dengs{\o} Jessen and Anne Pedersen and Mark Collard and Daniel G. Bradley and Marie Louise Schjellerup J{\o}rkov and Jette Arneborg and Niels Lynnerup and Neil S. Price and M. Thomas P. Gilbert and Morten E. Allentoft and Jan Bill and S{\o}ren Michael Sindb{\ae}k and Lotte Hedeager and Kristian Kristiansen and Rasmus Nielsen and Thomas M. Werge and Eske Willerslev},
The Viking maritime expansion from Scandinavia (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) marks one of the swiftest and most far-flung cultural transformations in global history. During this time (c. 750 to 1050 CE), the Vikings reached most of western Eurasia, Greenland, and North America, and left a cultural legacy that persists till today. To understand the genetic structure and influence of the Viking expansion, we sequenced the genomes of 442 ancient humans from across Europe and Greenland ranging from… 

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