Population genomics of the Viking world

@article{Margaryan2019PopulationGO,
  title={Population genomics of the Viking world},
  author={Ashot Margaryan and Daniel John Lawson and Martin Sikora and Fernando Racimo and Simon Rasmussen and Ida Moltke and Lara M. Cassidy and Emil J{\o}rsboe and Andr{\'e}s Ingason and Mikkel Winther Pedersen and Thorfinn Sand Korneliussen and Helene Wilhelmson and Magdalena M Bus and Peter de Barros Damgaard and Rui Martiniano and Gabriel Renaud and Claude Bh{\'e}rer and Jos{\'e} V{\'i}ctor Moreno-Mayar and Anna K. Fotakis and Marie Allen and Raili Allm{\"a}e and Martyna Molak and Enrico Cappellini and Gabriele Scorrano and Hugh McColl and Alexandra P. Buzhilova and Allison Fox and Anders Albrechtsen and Berit Sch{\"u}tz and Birgitte Skar and Caroline Arcini and Ceri Falys and Charlotte Hedenstierna Jonson and Dariusz Blaszczyk and Denis V. Pezhemsky and Gordon Turner‐Walker and Hildur Gestsd{\'o}ttir and Inge K. C. Lundstr{\o}m and Ingrid Gustin and Ingrid Mainland and I. D. Potekhina and Italo M. Muntoni and Jade Yu Cheng and Jesper Stenderup and Jilong Ma and Julie Gibson and J{\"u}ri Peets and J{\"o}rgen Gustafsson and Katrine H{\o}jholt Iversen and Linzi Simpson and Lisa Mariann Strand and Louise Loe and Maeve Sikora and Marek Florek and Maria Vretemark and Mark Redknap. and Monika Bajka and Tamara Pushkina and Morten Breinholt S{\o}vs{\o} and Natalia Grigoreva and Tom Christensen and Ole Thirup Kastholm and Otto Christian Uldum and Pasquale Favia and Per Holck and Sabine Sten and S{\'i}mun V. Arge and Sturla Ellingv{\aa}g and Vayacheslav Moiseyev and Wiesław Bogdanowicz and Yvonne Magnusson and Ludovic Orlando and Peter Pentz and Mads Dengs{\o} Jessen and Anne Pedersen and Mark Collard and Daniel G. Bradley and Marie Louise Schjellerup J{\o}rkov and Jette Arneborg and Niels Lynnerup and Neil S. Price and M. Thomas P. Gilbert and Morten E. Allentoft and Jan Bill and S{\o}ren Michael Sindb{\ae}k and Lotte Hedeager and Kristian Kristiansen and Rasmus Nielsen and Thomas M. Werge and Eske Willerslev},
  journal={bioRxiv},
  year={2019}
}
The Viking maritime expansion from Scandinavia (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) marks one of the swiftest and most far-flung cultural transformations in global history. During this time (c. 750 to 1050 CE), the Vikings reached most of western Eurasia, Greenland, and North America, and left a cultural legacy that persists till today. To understand the genetic structure and influence of the Viking expansion, we sequenced the genomes of 442 ancient humans from across Europe and Greenland ranging from… 

The Anglo-Saxon migration and the formation of the early English gene pool

The history of the British Isles and Ireland is characterized by multiple periods of major cultural change, including the influential transformation after the end of Roman rule, which precipitated

Genetic population structure across Brittany and the downstream Loire basin provides new insights on the demographic history of Western Europe

Samples from Western Brittany carry the largest levels of steppe ancestry and show high levels of allele sharing with individuals associated with the Bell Beaker complex, levels that are only comparable with those found in populations lying on the northwestern edges of Europe.

The Genetic Origin of Daunians and the Pan-Mediterranean Southern Italian Iron Age Context

This study provides for the first time a window on the genetic make-up of pre-imperial Southern Italy, whose increasing connectivity within the Mediterranean landscape, would have contributed to laying the foundation for modern genetic variability.

Matrilineal diversity and population history of Norwegians.

This analysis of mtDNA diversity within Norway provides a detailed picture of the genetic variation within Norway in light of its topography, settlement history, and historical migrations over the past several centuries.

Latest trends in archaeogenetic research of west Eurasians.

Characterization of the Y Chromosome in Newfoundland and Labrador: Evidence of a Founder Effect

The clustering and expansion of Y haplotypes in conjunction with the geographical and religious clusters illustrate that limited subsequent in-migration, geographic isolation and societal factors have contributed to the genetic substructure of the NL population and its designation as a founder population.

Subdividing Y-chromosome haplogroup R1a1 reveals Norse Viking dispersal lineages in Britain

Comparison of modern DNA with recently available ancient DNA data supports the interpretation that two sub-lineages of hg R1a1 spread with the Vikings from peninsular Scandinavia.

Mitochondrial DNA Profiles of Individuals from a 12th Century Necropolis in Feldioara (Transylvania)

The analysis of the mitochondrial DNA control region of 13 medieval individuals from Feldioara necropolis reveals a genetically heterogeneous group where all identified haplotypes are different, except for the Central Asiatic haplogroup C seen in only one sample.

Population Genomics of Stone Age Eurasia

The findings show that although the Stone-Age migrations have been important in shaping contemporary genetic diversity in Eurasia, their dynamics and impact were geographically highly heterogeneous.

The spatiotemporal spread of human migrations during the European Holocene

Significance We present a study to model the spread of ancestry in ancient genomes through time and space and a geostatistical framework for comparing human migrations and land-cover changes, while
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 306 REFERENCES

The genetic prehistory of the Baltic Sea region

While the series of events that shaped the transition between foraging societies and food producers are well described for Central and Southern Europe, genetic evidence from Northern Europe

The Beaker Phenomenon and the Genomic Transformation of Northwest Europe

Genome-wide data from 400 Neolithic, Copper Age and Bronze Age Europeans is presented, finding limited genetic affinity between Beaker-complex-associated individuals from Iberia and central Europe, and excludes migration as an important mechanism of spread between these two regions.

Population genomics of Mesolithic Scandinavia: Investigating early postglacial migration routes and high-latitude adaptation

The authors' results suggest two different early postglacial migrations into Scandinavia: initially from the south, and later, from the northeast, which followed the ice-free Norwegian north Atlantic coast, along which novel and advanced pressure-blade stone-tool techniques may have spread.

The Genomic History of Southeastern Europe

It is shown that southeastern Europe continued to be a nexus between east and west after the arrival of farmers, with intermittent genetic contact with steppe populations occurring up to 2,000 years earlier than the migrations from the steppe that ultimately replaced much of the population of northern Europe.

Ancient Fennoscandian genomes reveal origin and spread of Siberian ancestry in Europe

It is shown that the genetic makeup of northern Europe was shaped by migrations from Siberia that began at least 3500 years ago, and Siberian ancestry was subsequently admixed into many modern populations in the region, particularly into populations speaking Uralic languages today.

137 ancient human genomes from across the Eurasian steppes

The genomes of 137 ancient and 502 modern human genomes illuminate the population history of the Eurasian steppes after the Bronze Age and document the replacement of Indo-European speakers of West Eurasian ancestry by Turkic-speaking groups of East Asian ancestry.

Massive migration from the steppe was a source for Indo-European languages in Europe

We generated genome-wide data from 69 Europeans who lived between 8,000–3,000 years ago by enriching ancient DNA libraries for a target set of almost 400,000 polymorphisms. Enrichment of these

Iron Age and Anglo-Saxon genomes from East England reveal British migration history

Using rarecoal, a new method, it is estimated that on average the contemporary East English population derives 38% of its ancestry from Anglo-Saxon migrations, while the Iron Age samples share ancestors with multiple Northern European populations including Britain.
...