Population genomics of early events in the ecological differentiation of bacteria.

@article{Shapiro2012PopulationGO,
  title={Population genomics of early events in the ecological differentiation of bacteria.},
  author={Brett Shapiro and Jonathan J Friedman and Otto X. Cordero and Sarah P Preheim and Sonia C. Timberlake and Gitta Szab{\'o} and Martin F. Polz and Eric John Alm},
  journal={Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={336 6077},
  pages={48-51}
}
Genetic exchange is common among bacteria, but its effect on population diversity during ecological differentiation remains controversial. A fundamental question is whether advantageous mutations lead to selection of clonal genomes or, as in sexual eukaryotes, sweep through populations on their own. Here, we show that in two recently diverged populations of ocean bacteria, ecological differentiation has occurred akin to a sexual mechanism: A few genome regions have swept through subpopulations… CONTINUE READING
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