Population ecology of insect invasions and their management.

  title={Population ecology of insect invasions and their management.},
  author={Andrew M. Liebhold and Patrick C. Tobin},
  journal={Annual review of entomology},
During the establishment phase of a biological invasion, population dynamics are strongly influenced by Allee effects and stochastic dynamics, both of which may lead to extinction of low-density populations. Allee effects refer to a decline in population growth rate with a decline in abundance and can arise from various mechanisms. Strategies to eradicate newly established populations should focus on either enhancing Allee effects or suppressing populations below Allee thresholds, such that… 

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