Population dynamics in ethnically diverse towns


Ethnically diverse urban areas are often strongly influenced by the medium and long-term demographic consequences of immigration. Hypotheses regarding the population, housing and social changes following immigration are here set out in a dynamic paradigm. These are tested using a time series of census data for Oldham and Rochdale. The results show how natural growth generates dispersal of immigrant populations to new clusters. They chart the changing nature of cities, and challenge the interpretation of clustering as a negative phenomenon, instead focusing on indicators of demographic change, demand for housing and services, and social equality. Introduction Commentators in race-conscious societies often focus attention on ethnic composition. The association of immigrant concentration with poverty has frequently led to fears of separate development and violent confrontations, which make integration more difficult. However, a historical and demographic viewpoint shows that residential integration and separation are not as opposed as they linguistically appear to be. This paper sets out such a historical and demographic approach, measures the separation that is represented by growth of immigrant-origin populations in inner urban settlement areas, and its simultaneous movement to other areas. The extent of social stratification over time and across generations is a key secondary feature of the paper. Sociological and statistical studies of residential racial segregation evolved from the Chicago School throughout the twentieth century, which measured the evolution of African-American ghettoes in the northern United States, contrasting their separation from White residential areas with the gradual dispersal of immigrants of In Western Europe, immigration during and after the second world war gave rise to population groups defined racially which by the end of the twentieth century were of sufficient size for ethnic composition to become a common academic and policy concern. In the measurement of residential composition in both the USA and European contexts " segregation has an outspoken negative connotation and is predominantly focused upon the ethnic dimension. … The fear [of ghettoisation] is based on the idea that a sequence of events may happen which is regarded as unwanted. That sequence is: increasing spatial segregation will lead to increasing 1 separation of different social and ethnic classes and population categories; in its turn, that will produce ghetto-like developments and will finally result in the disintegration of urban society. " (Fortuijn et al. 1998, 367). In Britain, racial demography has periodically been highlighted as problematic by media and commentators, most recently in 2005 following …

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@inproceedings{Simpson2006PopulationDI, title={Population dynamics in ethnically diverse towns}, author={Ludi Simpson and Vasilis S Gavalas and N. Reed Finney}, year={2006} }