Population density, spatiotemporal use and diet of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in a human-modified succession forest landscape of Singapore

  title={Population density, spatiotemporal use and diet of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in a human-modified succession forest landscape of Singapore},
  author={Marcus A. H. Chua and N. Sivasothi and Rudolf Meier},
  journal={Mammal Research},
Leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) are wild felids that have been reported to thrive in human-modified habitats in Asia. It has been suggested that they may be adapters of plantation forests by exploiting the availability of murid prey and are abundant in these habitats. However, these hypotheses have yet to be tested or quantified. Here, camera trapping, qualitative and quantitative diet analyses were used to determine the occurrence, population density, activity pattern and diet of… 
Spatial Distribution and Dietary Niche Breadth of Leopard Cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) Inhabiting Margalla Hills National Park, Pakistan.
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Activity and Ranging Behavior of Leopard Cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) in an Oil Palm Landscape
The leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) is the most widespread feline in Asia. It has been recorded in a range of habitats, including monoculture landscapes, such as oil palm plantations. Here, we
Adaptations to prey base in the hypercarnivorous leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis
Comparing the diet of the Iriomote Island sub-species (south-western Japan), where native rodents are absent, with that of the mainland shows that even hypercarnivorous species can use trophic plasticity to adapt to local prey availability.
Diet, prey selection, and activity of Asian golden cats and leopard cats in northern Laos
Overall, leopard cats appeared to coexist with Asian golden Cats, a potential predator and competitor, by exhibiting dietary and temporal partitioning and suggesting the management of muntjac might be important for conserving populations of Asian golden cats.
Ecology, occurrence and distribution of wild felids in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo
Sarawak is the largest state in the megadiverse country of Malaysia. Its rich biodiversity is threatened by land-use change and hunting, with mammalian carnivores particularly affected. Data on the
Komodo Dragon Predation on Crab-Eating Macaques at the Rinca Island’s Visitor Centre, Indonesia
The proportion of crab-eating macaques in the diet of Komodo dragons and the spatial habitat use between the species as a proxy for predation threat and in relation to prey availability due to ecotourism are investigated.
The ecology of the banded civet (Hemigalus derbyanus) in Southeast Asia with implications for mesopredator release, zoonotic diseases, and conservation
Abstract Habitat loss and degradation threaten forest specialist wildlife species, but some generalist mesopredators exploit disturbed areas and human‐derived food, which brings them into closer
Understory Vegetation in Oil Palm Plantations Promotes Leopard Cat Activity, but Does Not Affect Rats or Rat Damage
It was found that Leopard Cat habitat use was higher with increased understory vegetation, but that there was no effect of the vegetation treatments on rat abundance or rat damage, and there was also a trend for reduced rat abundance with increased Leopard Cat activity.
Orthoptera in the scat contents of the common palm civet ( Paradoxurus musangus ) on Pulau Ubin , Singapore
It is demonstrated that sclerotised orthopteran parts in civet scats can be used to identify prey taxa in an attempt to better understand Orthopteran diversity in the diet of the common palm civeT, as well as their predator–prey interactions.
The Future of Wild Mammals in Oil Palm Landscapes in the Neotropics
Colombia is the fourth largest producer of palm oil in the world with a growth of 42% in 2017, affecting its ecosystems and biodiversity. Here we review current understanding from science, policy,


Density and habitat use of the leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in three commercial forest reserves in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo
Abstract The small (2- to 7-kg) leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) is the most common cat species in Asia. Although it occurs in a wide range of habitats and seems to adapt well to anthropogenic
Spatial organization and diet of the leopard cat ( Prionailurus bengalensis ) in north-central Thailand
Analysis of scats indicated that murids dominated leopard cat diet and habitat use was generally in proportion to occurrence, and the mean activity was arrhythmic with crepuscular and nocturnal peaks.
The diversity and activity patterns of wild felids in a secondary forest in Peninsular Malaysia
A study to describe the diversity of wild felids was carried out in Jerangau Forest Reserve, Ulu Terengganu, Malaysia, using camera traps, over a period of 21 months. A total of 24 camera traps were
Density estimation of leopard cat Prionailurus bengalensis using capture-recaptures sampling in lowland forest of Pakke Tiger Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh, India
Abstract In this study, we estimated leopard cat abundance and density using photographic capture-recapture methods. The leopard cat, Prionailurus bengalensis, is a common spread small cat in Asia,
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Annual fires that help maintain the dry deciduous dipterocarp forest in the study area may affect both short and long term survival of leopard cats.
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Food habits of three sympatric carnivore mammals in the Tsushima islands of Japan were studied during 1986–91 and marten was omnivorous showing a high level of diversity of food throughout the year, while weasel was intermediate between marten and leopard cat, but was slightly biased towards the flesh meat eater.
Using leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis) as biological pest control of rats in a palm oil plantation
The barn owl, Tyta alba javanica, is the most widely used biorodenticide in palm oil plantations today and it is not certain whether barn owls are effective in reducing rodent populations that have grown to very high levels.
The importance of rodents in the diet of jungle cat (Felis chaus), caracal (Caracal caracal) and golden jackal (Canis aureus) in Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India
The diet of three small carnivores from a semi-arid part of western India was studied through scat analysis, and the importance of rodents in their diet was estimated as a percentage of their daily energy requirement, showing that rodents were more important as prey for the felids than the jackal.
Ecology Driving Genetic Variation: A Comparative Phylogeography of Jungle Cat (Felis chaus) and Leopard Cat (Prionailurus bengalensis) in India
It is hypothesized that high summer temperatures limit leopard cat distribution and that a rise in temperature in the peninsular region of India during the LGM caused the split in le Leopard cat population in India.
Conserving Southeast Asian forest biodiversity in human-modified landscapes