Population Growth in U. S. Prisons, 1980-1996

  title={Population Growth in U. S. Prisons, 1980-1996},
  author={Alfred Blumstein and Allen J. Beck},
  journal={Crime and Justice},
  pages={17 - 61}
State and federal incarceration rates grew by over 200 percent between 1980 and 1996. The dominant factor is drug offending, which grew by ten times, followed by assault and sexual assault. The growth can be partitioned among four stages: offending rates; arrests per offense; commitments to prison per arrest; and time served in prison, including time served on parole recommitments. The growth in incarceration for drugs is driven most strongly by growth in arrest rates, then by commitments per… Expand
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