Population, environment, disease, and survival: past patterns, uncertain futures

  title={Population, environment, disease, and survival: past patterns, uncertain futures},
  author={Anthony J. McMichael},
  journal={The Lancet},
Climate change and human health: risks and responses. Summary
Climate change poses a major, and largely unfamiliar, challenge. This publication describes the process of global climate change, its current and future impacts on human health, and how our societies
Global Climate change and health: an old story writ large
The long-term good health of populations depends on the continued stability and functioning of the biosphere’s ecological and physical systems, often referred to as life-support systems. We ignore
Emerging health issues: the widening challenge for population health promotion.
In 1986, infectious diseases still seemed in retreat, the potential extent of HIV/AIDS was unrecognized, the Green Revolution was at its height and global poverty appeared less intractable, and global climate change had not yet emerged as a major threat to development and health.
A new ecological sense of public health is recommended in support of the implied needs of health transition and sustainability developments towards the international trends of global health concerns in this newly proposed Age of Environmental and Climate Mediated Health Risks.
The Sustainability of Population Health
Preliminary analysis of data from 152 countries reveals an inverse relation between measures of population health and sustainability, although there are examples of societies where this inverse relation does not hold.
Assessing and evaluating the health impact of environmental exposures
It is estimated that the long-term effects of particulate air pollution appear to account for the greater part of the total environment related health loss in the Netherlands, and provisional calculations of monetarised health loss due to environmental exposures indicate ample opportunities for cost efficient investments in environmental quality from the perspective of public health.
Creating a Culture of Health in Planning and Implementing Innovative Strategies Addressing Non-communicable Chronic Diseases
The present article discusses these drivers and identifies areas where policy and research actions are needed to advance positive change on population health and well-being, and presents examples of drivers for creating a Culture of Health, the barriers, the remaining gaps, and areas of future research.
Conclusions and recommendations for action
These words were delivered in 1987 at the United Nations General Assembly on the Issues of Environment and Development. Although much has been learned about the expected impacts of climate change on
Governance matters: an ecological association between governance and child mortality
Background Governance of a country may have widespread effects on the health of its population, yet little is known about the effect of governance on child mortality in a country that is undergoing


[Traditional epidemiology, modern epidemiology and public health].
  • N. Pearce
  • Medicine
    Epidemiologia e prevenzione
  • 1997
Ebesity has largely ceased to function as part of a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the causation of disease in populations and has become a set of generic methods for measuring associations of exposure and disease in individuals.
Prisoners of the proximate: loosening the constraints on epidemiology in an age of change.
The constraints of "the proximate" upon epidemiology are loosening as the end of the century approaches, and epidemiologists are gaining insights into the complex social and environmental systems that are the context for health and disease.
Early effects of climate change: do they include changes in vector-borne disease?
The evidence required to attribute changes in disease and vectors to the early effects of anthropogenic climate change is discussed, including the appropriate levels of evidence, including dealing with the uncertainties attached to detecting the health impacts of global change.
Human Frontiers, Environments and Disease: Past Patterns, Uncertain Futures
Toni McMichael gives a broad picture of health ecology, a picture that tells how during the 20th century, average life expectancy has doubled, the population has increased by four, the global food yield and water consumption by six, and so on.
The sustainability transition: a new challenge.
The report urges all national governments to recognize the urgent need for concerted and radical action in order to make the transition to a sustainable system, and the health implications of living in a destabilized global ecosystem are reviewed.
Obesity in Britain: gluttony or sloth?
Evidence suggests that modern inactive lifestyles are at least as important as diet in the aetiology of obesity and possibly represent the dominant factor.
Inequality, Global Change and the Sustainability of Civilisation
The increasingly global capacity of civilisation to manipulate natural and human capital has fuelled faith in the economic conceit that humankind can be freed from its dependence on nature. In
Biological and Physical Signs of Climate Change: Focus on Mosquito-borne Diseases
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change concluded that there is “discernible evidence” that humans—through accelerating changes in multiple forcing factors—have begun to alter the earth's
The State of Food and Agriculture
• What are the economic linkages among agriculture, trade and poverty? • How do poor households adapt to trade reform? • How does agricultural trade reform affect countries at different levels of