Popular press and forensic genetics in Portugal: Expectations and disappointments regarding two cases of missing children

@article{Machado2011PopularPA,
  title={Popular press and forensic genetics in Portugal: Expectations and disappointments regarding two cases of missing children},
  author={Helena Machado and Filipe Santos},
  journal={Public Understanding of Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={303 - 318}
}
Two cases of missing children in Portugal (Joana and Maddie) have recently highlighted the dilemmas and contingencies associated with the technology of “genetic fingerprinting” for forensic purposes in the context of criminal investigations. The purpose of this article is to analyze the popular press’s discourses and representations around forensic genetics in the context of those two highly mediatized criminal investigation cases. The symbolical construction and representation of forensic… 

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Prisoners' views of CSI's portrayal of forensic identification technologies: a grounded assessment
Drawing on interviews with prison inmates in Portugal, the aim of this paper is to contribute towards a more practical approach and greater sensitivity to the situatedness of the so-called CSI effect
Biolegality, the Forensic Imaginary and Criminal Investigation
This text discusses some aspects of the local configurations of social representations and uses of DNA technology in criminal investigations in Portugal. The approach to the sociotechnical network
“A Faustian bargain?” Public voices on forensic DNA technologies and the National DNA Database
This article draws on the idea of the “forensic imaginary” (Williams 2010) to explore UK public perspectives on the place, role and significance of forensic DNA technologies, both independent of and
Studying ethical controversies around genetic surveillance technologies: a comparative approach to the cases of Portugal and the UK
By focusing on genetic surveillance technologies used to fight crime, we want to explore ethical concerns that bring challenges to a responsible governance of these technological innovations.
Voluntary Participation in Forensic DNA Databases
The public’s understanding of forensic DNA databases remains undertheorized and few empirical studies have been produced. This article aims to address this omission by exploring the answers to an
The dissemination and popularisation of surveillance technologies : five case studies of criminal cases
Mediatised criminal cases generate privileged opportunities for the public to analyse the criminal justice system. However, these cases are seldom representative of routine criminal investigations or
The social life of forensic evidence and the epistemic sub-cultures in an inquisitorial justice system: Analysis of Saltão case.
  • S. Costa, Filipe Santos
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Science & justice : journal of the Forensic Science Society
  • 2019
TLDR
In spite of the rapid development of DNA technologies for forensic identification and the paradigmatic changes it has brought about, traditional forensic science disciplines still represent important sources of information for criminal investigation.
Public Perspectives on Risks and Benefits of Forensic DNA Databases
There is scarce knowledge about the influence of the professional group, education, and age on public perspectives on the risks and benefits of forensic DNA databases. Based on data collected through
Do Fictional Forensic and Criminal Investigation Television Shows Influence Students’ Enrollment Decisions?
Abstract Research on ‘the CSI effect’ is accumulating and accounts for a substantive body of knowledge not just in the United States of America, but also elsewhere in the world. The paper
After the Panic: An Investigation of the Relationship Between the Reporting and Remembering of Child Related Crime
This thesis considers why some crimes persist beyond the moment of newsworthiness and how they are able to transcend this period of intense reporting to become a feature of popular memory. The
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 57 REFERENCES
Biologising Paternity, Moralising Maternity: The Construction of Parenthood in the Determination of Paternity Through the Courts in Portugal
This article explores how the Portuguese legal system’s efforts to determine paternity of children born outside legal marriage, automatically initiated by the Registry Office when a birth
The CSI Effect: Popular Fiction About Forensic Science Affects Public Expectations About Real Forensic Science
Two of a number of hypotheses loosely referred to as the CSI Effect suggest that the television program and its spin-offs, which wildy exaggerate and glorify forensic science, affect the public, and
The New Forensics: Criminal Justice, False Certainty, and the Second Generation of Scientific Evidence
Accounts of powerful new forensic technologies such as DNA typing, biometric scanning, and cell site or RFID tracking fill the daily news. Such techniques have already gained renown for helping to
Of earprints, fingerprints, scent dogs, cot deaths and cognitive contamination--a brief look at the present state of play in the forensic arena.
  • A. Broeders
  • Sociology, Medicine
    Forensic science international
  • 2006
TLDR
A number of measures are proposed which may go some way to address some of the present concerns over the evaluation of technical and scientific evidence.
THE EVOLUTION OF FORENSIC SCIENCE: PROGRESS AMID THE PITFALLS ∗
There have been several significant social, legal, and scientific changes in the criminal justice system and the forensic sciences since the 1970s that have dramatically altered the contours of the
Framing homicide narratives in newspapers: Mediated witness and the construction of virtual victimhood
This article identifies ways in which newspapers invite readers to identify with victims and victimhood as a route to engaging them in ‘human interest’ stories. Within this framing of homicide for
Down by Science: Context and commitment in the lay response to incriminating scientific evidence during a murder trial
This paper explores responses to scientific evidence from a lay person accused of murder. These responses are examined with reference to the specific (here legal) contexts in which they were offered.
Uses of expertise: sources, quotes, and voice in the reporting of genetics in the news
Science journalists call upon experts for background and for clarification and comment on scientific findings. This paper examines how science writers choose and use experts, and it focuses on
The Coming Paradigm Shift in Forensic Identification Science
TLDR
Changes in the law pertaining to the admissibility of expert evidence in court, together with the emergence of DNA typing as a model for a scientifically defensible approach to questions of shared identity, are driving the older forensic sciences toward a new scientific paradigm.
Media Constructions of Crime
The news media are a vital part of the process by which individuals' private troubles with crime—as victims or offenders—are transformed into public issues. The social construction of crime problems
...
1
2
3
4
5
...