Pope John the Eighth and the Arabs

  title={Pope John the Eighth and the Arabs},
  author={Fred E. Engreen},
  pages={318 - 330}
JOHN THE EIGHTH, Pope of Rome from 8792 to 882, is not generally included among the half dozen of Roman bishops whose personality and policy have decided the fate of centuries. But his figure always interested the historians. With John's death the first murder of a pope2 the Papacy, from a position to allot thrones to kings and emperors, tumbles down into the darkest decades of its history. Further, from none of the popes between Gregory the First and Gregory the Seventh do we possess a larger… 
7 Citations
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J-E 3377, Caspar n. 304, op. cit., p. 263 f. (882, to the emperor, Charles the Third; about the dispossessions and investitures by the margraves of Spoleto)
    line 18: 25000 silver coins annually
    • Cf. J-E
    From the many instances we note only: latrunculi J-E 3092, Caspar n. 47, op. cit
      Etude sur le liber pontificalis (Bibliotheque des ecoles frangaises d'Athenes et de Rome, i
        line 30; more latronum J-E 3099, Caspar n. 56, op. cit
          Pro liberatione totius patriae, ut nobis a Christo cura commissa est
          • Das Papsttum (Stuttgart, 1937), ii, 1, p. 186 f. and the books quoted in II
          Neues Archiv der Gesellschaft fur dltere deutsche Geschichtsforschung, XLVII (1928), 416 if. -On John the Deacon and the cultural life at the Papal Court: A. Lap6tre, 'Le souper de Jean Diacre
          • About Anastasius: Gerhard Laehr
          note 2, 4; J-E 3237, Caspar n. 175, op. cit., p. 140 f
          • Particularly: J-E
          Byzantium and Rome) takes into consideration the possibility of a defeat
            I Destruction of Monte Cassino: Erchemperti hist., loc. cit., p. 255; Leo Ostiensis, op. cit., lib. I, c. 44: loc. cit
            • On the extent of the Arabian invasions and plunderings, cf. L. M. Hartmann, Geschichte Italiens