Poor Performance of Corals Transplanted onto Substrates of Short Durability

  title={Poor Performance of Corals Transplanted onto Substrates of Short Durability},
  author={Sebastian C. A. Ferse},
  journal={Restoration Ecology},
  • S. Ferse
  • Published 1 July 2010
  • Environmental Science
  • Restoration Ecology
Worldwide, coral reefs are degrading due to increasing anthropogenic pressures. Yet, management of reefs still falls short of effectively addressing these threats, and active restoration methods are increasingly being called for. Coral transplantation is frequently advocated as a possible means of coral reef rehabilitation. Fragments produced in coral nurseries or farms have been proposed as a potential source for transplantation, and culture media (inexpensive but non‐durable materials such as… 
Examining the Use of Mass Transplantation of Brooding and Spawning Corals to Support Natural Coral Recruitment in Sulawesi/Indonesia
It is concluded that, in the presence of high background recruitment and detrimental environmental conditions, coral transplantation may not be an effective method to boost coral recruitment.
Substrate stabilisation and small structures in coral restoration: State of knowledge, and considerations for management and implementation
This review synthesises available knowledge about the ecological role of coral rubble, natural coral recolonisation and recovery rates and the potential benefits and risks associated with active interventions in this rapidly evolving field with a focus on the Great Barrier Reef.
Rehabilitation of damaged reefs: Outcome of the use of recently broken coral fragments and healed coral fragments of pocilloporid corals on rocky boulders
It is concluded that coral transplantation on rock boulders is a good choice to restore damaged coral communities, BCF seems to be the best source of transplants for pocilloporid corals, and although high light availability during the rainy season enhances transplant growth, the stable, low energy conditions in the dry season facilitate initial transplant attachment and high survival.
A potential method for improving coral self‐attachment
The data show that simply inverting the orientation of coral fragments may substantially accelerate the time for self‐attachment and increase the survival rate of translocated corals in restoration projects.
Coral restoration in a changing world - a global synthesis of methods and techniques
Coral reef ecosystems have suffered an unprecedented loss of habitat-forming hard corals in recent decades, due to increased nutrient outputs from agriculture, elevated levels of suspended sediment
Coral restoration – A systematic review of current methods, successes, failures and future directions
It is found that coral restoration case studies are dominated by short-term projects, with 60% of all projects reporting less than 18 months of monitoring of the restored sites, and most projects are relatively small in spatial scale, with a median size of restored area of 100 m2.
The need for broader ecological and socioeconomic tools to evaluate the effectiveness of coral restoration programs
Coral reef restoration initiatives are burgeoning in response to the need for novel management strategies to address dramatic global declines in coral cover. However, coral restoration programs
Coralclip®: a low‐cost solution for rapid and targeted out‐planting of coral at scale
Re‐attaching or out‐planting coral as fragments, colonies, and on larval settlement devices to substrates is a major bottleneck limiting scalabilty and viability of reef restoration practices. Many
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
The worldwide decline in coral reefs has prompted a search for effective restoration protocols. We transplanted 6912 and 7110 corals (Acropora muricata, Acropora nasuta, Acropora hemprichi,


The different techniques used for coral transplantation are described here, and the costs and limitations of Coral transplantation in coral reef management are discussed.
Coral transplantation as an aid to reef rehabilitation: evaluation of a case study in the Maldive Islands
As part of a study of reef rehabilitation, whole coral colonies (primarily Acropora, Pocillopora, Porites, Favia and Favites) were transplanted and cemented in place onto three approximately 20 m2
Coral Transplantation: A Useful Management Tool or Misguided Meddling?
Strategies for Gardening Denuded Coral Reef Areas: The Applicability of Using Different Types of Coral Material for Reef Restoration
In situ coral mariculture is an improved practice to the common but potentially harmful protocol of direct coral transplantation and may be applicable for coral reefs worldwide through site-specific considerations and the use of different local coral species.
How Quickly do Fragments of Coral “Self‐Attach” after Transplantation?
Examination of times to self-attachment in coral species of differing morphologies suggests that a combination of factors including growth rates, growth form and life history may determine how quickly fragments of coral species self-attach after fragmentation and transplantation.
Steps in the construction of underwater coral nursery, an essential component in reef restoration acts
This nursery prototype demonstrates the feasibility of the coral “gardening concept” by fulfilling several important needs, namely, mass production of coral colonies at low costs, high survivorship, fast growth, short nursery phase and improved methodologies for handling farmed colonies.
Restoration Strategies for Coral Reefs Damaged by Recreational Activities: The Use of Sexual and Asexual Recruits
This paper proposes to rehabilitate damaged coral reefs by the alternate strategy of “gardening coral reefs” with asexual and sexual recruits and discusses several methodologies and results already accumulated showing the applicability of this gardening strategy for rehabilitation of denuded coral reefs.
Restoration of Coral Reefs in Pacific Costa Rica
Abstract: Loss and degradation of coral reef habitats are increasing in the eastern Pacific. Intense, frequent natural and human-induced disturbances have devastated most reefs in this region during
Recovery in rubble fields: long-term impacts of blast fishing.
Coral reef rehabilitation through transplantation of staghorn corals: effects of artificial stabilization and mechanical damages
Survival was positively related to initial size among the loosely placed coral branches, whereas the attached treatment showed a negative relation between size and relative increase in weight of the surviving parts of the coral branches.