Poor Institutions, Rich Mines: Resource Curse and the Origins of the Sicilian Mafia

  title={Poor Institutions, Rich Mines: Resource Curse and the Origins of the Sicilian Mafia},
  author={Paolo Buonanno and Ruben Durante and Giovanni Prarolo and Paolo Vanin},
  journal={Political Economy: Structure \& Scope of Government eJournal},
This study explains the emergence of the Sicilian mafia in the XIX century as the product of the interaction between natural resource abundance and weak institutions. We advance the hypothesis that the mafia emerged after the collapse of the Bourbon Kingdom in a context characterized by a severe lack of state property-right enforcement in response to the rising demand for the protection of sulfur - Sicily's most valuable export commodity - whose demand in the international markets was soaring… 
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