Polyunsaturated fatty acids in maternal diet, breast milk, and serum lipid fatty acids of infants in relation to atopy

@article{Kankaanp2001PolyunsaturatedFA,
  title={Polyunsaturated fatty acids in maternal diet, breast milk, and serum lipid fatty acids of infants in relation to atopy},
  author={Pasi Kankaanp{\"a}{\"a} and K. V. V. Nurmela and A T Erkkil{\"a} and Marko Kalliom{\"a}ki and Doris Holmberg-Marttila and Seppo Salminen and Erika Isolauri},
  journal={Allergy},
  year={2001},
  volume={56}
}
Background: The increased consumption of n‐6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been shown to coincide with the increased prevalence of atopic diseases. We aimed to investigate whether maternal diet and atopic status influence the PUFA composition of breast milk and the serum lipid fatty acids of infants. 

Associations between fatty acids in colostrum and breast milk and risk of allergic disease

  • A. LoweF. Thien S. Dharmage
  • Medicine
    Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • 2008
This work has observed that high levels of n‐3 fatty acid in colostrum are associated with increased risk of allergic sensitization, and it is hypothesized that exposure in early life is hypothesized to offer protection against atopic disease.

Sex‐specific associations of human milk long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and infant allergic conditions

  • K. MilikuJ. Richelle M. Azad
  • Medicine
    Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
  • 2021
The association of PUFAs in human milk with food sensitization and atopic dermatitis among breastfed infants is examined.

Breast milk fatty acid composition has a long‐term effect on the risk of asthma, eczema, and sensitization

Levels of n‐3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and n‐6 PUFAs in breast milk of allergic‐ and nonallergic mothers and asthma, eczema and sensitization up to the age of 14 years are studied.

Association of breast milk fatty acids with allergic disease outcomes—A systematic review

Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids have immunoregulatory properties and it has been hypothesized that these PUFAs may be important in the aetiology of allergic diseases.

Maternal dietary fat and fatty acid intake during lactation and the risk of asthma in the offspring

The association between maternal dietary fat and fatty acid intake during lactation, and the risk of asthma in the offspring by the age of 5 years is explored.

Intake of unsaturated fatty acids and HDL cholesterol levels are associated with manifestations of atopy in adults

  • T. SchäferS. Ruhdorfer J. Ring
  • Medicine
    Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • 2003
This work investigated the relationship between serum cholesterol levels, intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and manifestations of atopy in a population‐based setting and concluded that the intake of unsaturated acids is a contributing cause of this development.

Fish oil supplementation in pregnancy and lactation may decrease the risk of infant allergy

Maternal intake of omega‐3 (ω‐3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) during pregnancy has decreased, possibly contributing to a current increased risk of childhood allergy.

The effect of supplementation with fish oil during pregnancy on breast milk immunoglobulin A, soluble CD14, cytokine levels and fatty acid composition

Background Breast milk contains many immunomodulatory factors (soluble CD14 (sCD14), IgA and cytokines) with the potential to influence infant immune development.

Early life diet and asthma, with an emphasis on the role of fatty acids

This birth cohort study investigated whether maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation, especially fats and fatty acids (FA), and the child’s diet and serum FA proportions during infancy and childhood, are associated with the development of childhood asthma.

Serum, cheek cell and breast milk fatty acid compositions in infants with atopic and non‐atopic eczema

Background The major theory implicating diet with allergic diseases is associated with altered food consumption and subsequent changes in fatty acid composition.
...

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