Polysomnography and depressive symptoms in primary alcoholics with and without a lifetime diagnosis of secondary depression and in patients with primary major depression.


BACKGROUND There is evidence suggesting that there is: (1) additive polysomnographic effects of alcoholism and depression; and (2) elevated baseline REM density in primary alcoholics with (PASD) and without lifetime history of secondary depression (NPA). METHODS 23 PASDs, 59 NPAs, and 23 primary major depression patients (PMD) underwent polysomnography… (More)


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