Polysomnographic sleep disturbances in nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, cocaine, opioid, and cannabis use: A focused review.

@article{Garcia2015PolysomnographicSD,
  title={Polysomnographic sleep disturbances in nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, cocaine, opioid, and cannabis use: A focused review.},
  author={Alexandra N. Garcia and Ihsan M Salloum},
  journal={The American journal on addictions},
  year={2015},
  volume={24 7},
  pages={
          590-8
        }
}
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In the United States, approximately 60 million Americans suffer from sleep disorders and about 22 million Americans report substance dependence or use disorders annually. Sleep disturbances are common consequences of substance use disorders and are likely found in primary care as well as in specialty practices. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effects of the most frequently used substances-nicotine, alcohol, opioids, cocaine, caffeine, and cannabis-have on… 

Tables from this paper

The Effects of Cannabinoids on Sleep
TLDR
It is shown that cannabis products have minimal to no effects on sleep disorders and may have deleterious effects in some individuals and further research examining the differential impact of the various types of cannabinoids that are currently available on each of these sleep disorders is required.
Assessing and Treating Insomnia Related to Alcohol Use Disorders
  • K. Brower
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Current Addiction Reports
  • 2016
TLDR
Sleep will improve in most patients with sobriety, which remains the first line of treatment, Nevertheless, insomnia may also be thought of as a comorbid disorder with AUDs, requiring its own treatment for many patients.
Sleep, substance misuse and addictions: a nationwide observational survey on smoking, alcohol, cannabis and sleep in 12,637 adults.
TLDR
A telephone crossover national recurrent health poll survey of French adults found significant relationships between the use of psychoactive substances and sleep characteristics among adults, emphasizing the need to take into account each subject individually.
Impact of Nicotine and Other Stimulants on Sleep in Young Adults.
TLDR
NPS negatively affects sleep, but nicotine is particularly deleterious to sleep quality, and addressing smoking cessation to improve sleep may be a novel way to motivate young adult smokers to quit.
Cannabis and alcohol use for sleep aid: A daily diary investigation.
TLDR
Results highlight daytime fatigue as a potential adverse short-term outcome of cannabis sleep aid use, despite its proximal sleep-related benefits, after controlling for daily cannabis frequency.
Alcohol and Cannabis Use for Sleep Aid in College Students: A Daily Diary Investigation of Proximal Outcomes
TLDR
Results highlight daytime fatigue and negative cannabis consequences as potential adverse short-term outcomes of cannabis sleep aid use among college students, despite its proximal sleep-related benefits.
Importance of Urinary Drug Screening in the Multiple Sleep Latency Test and Maintenance of Wakefulness Test.
  • A. Anniss, A. Young, D. O’Driscoll
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
  • 2016
TLDR
Findings indicate drug use is present in patients attending for daytime testing of objective sleepiness and wakefulness and support routine urinary drug screening in all patients undergoing MSLT or MWT studies to ensure accurate interpretation in the context of illicit and prescription drug use.
Comparison of Sleep Quality Indices in Patients with Opium and Methamphetamine Addiction
TLDR
Patients with opium addiction, compared to methamphetamine users, had a poorer sleep quality, symptoms of insomnia, and sleepiness in everyday situations and interventions in the future should be tailored to personalized problems of sleep, depending on the type of substance.
Current and potential pharmacological treatment options for insomnia in patients with alcohol use disorder in recovery
TLDR
The purpose of this review is to provide an update of pharmacological approaches to therapy including compounds in development, to raise awareness of the prevalence of and unmet need in IAAC and highlight differences in treatment consideration for IAAC as compared to insomnia disorder.
[Characteristics of sleep disturbances related to substance use disorders].
TLDR
A review summarizes results of the studies on specific characteristics of sleep disturbances related to alcohol, opioids and psychostimulants (cocaine) use for substance use disorders during active use as well as in withdrawal period and in remission.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Assessment and treatment of insomnia in adult patients with alcohol use disorders.
Commonly used stimulants: Sleep problems, dependence and psychological distress.
Opioids, sleep architecture and sleep-disordered breathing.
Effect of illicit recreational drugs upon sleep: cocaine, ecstasy and marijuana.
Sleep disturbance and the effects of extended-release zolpidem during cannabis withdrawal.
Sleep disturbance in heavy marijuana users.
TLDR
During discontinuation of heavy MJ use, PSG measures of sleep disturbance were detected in MJ users compared with a drug-free control group, and poor sleep quality either prior to or after MJ discontinuation could result in treatment failure for MJ users.
Mechanisms underlying sleep–wake disturbances in alcoholism: Focus on the cholinergic pedunculopontine tegmentum
Alcohol and sleep I: effects on normal sleep.
TLDR
The impact of alcohol on SWS in the first half of night appears to be more robust than the effect on REM sleep and does not appear to be an epiphenomenon REM sleep reduction.
Alcohol’s Effects on Sleep in Alcoholics
  • K. Brower
  • Medicine
    Alcohol research & health : the journal of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • 2001
TLDR
It is found that alcoholics are more likely to suffer from certain sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, and that sleep problems may increase the risk of relapse among abstinent alcoholics.
...
1
2
3
...