Polysomnographic sleep disturbances in nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, cocaine, opioid, and cannabis use: A focused review.

@article{Garcia2015PolysomnographicSD,
  title={Polysomnographic sleep disturbances in nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, cocaine, opioid, and cannabis use: A focused review.},
  author={A. N. Garcia and I. Salloum},
  journal={The American journal on addictions},
  year={2015},
  volume={24 7},
  pages={
          590-8
        }
}
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In the United States, approximately 60 million Americans suffer from sleep disorders and about 22 million Americans report substance dependence or use disorders annually. Sleep disturbances are common consequences of substance use disorders and are likely found in primary care as well as in specialty practices. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effects of the most frequently used substances-nicotine, alcohol, opioids, cocaine, caffeine, and cannabis-have on… Expand
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