Polyphenolics in grape seeds-biochemistry and functionality.

@article{Shi2003PolyphenolicsIG,
  title={Polyphenolics in grape seeds-biochemistry and functionality.},
  author={John Shi and Jianmel Yu and Joseph E Pohorly and Yukio Kak{\`u}da},
  journal={Journal of medicinal food},
  year={2003},
  volume={6 4},
  pages={
          291-9
        }
}
Grape seeds are waste products of the winery and grape juice industry. These seeds contain lipid, protein, carbohydrates, and 5-8% polyphenols depending on the variety. Polyphenols in grape seeds are mainly flavonoids, including gallic acid, the monomeric flavan-3-ols catechin, epicatechin, gallocatechin, epigallocatechin, and epicatechin 3-O-gallate, and procyanidin dimers, trimers, and more highly polymerized procyanidins. Grape seed extract is known as a powerful antioxidant that protects… CONTINUE READING
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